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  Johnston, Rita Margaret
AffiliationBC Social Credit  
NameRita Margaret Johnston
, British Columbia , Canada
Born April 22, 1935 (86 years)
ContributorUser 13
Last ModifedUser 13
Nov 19, 2003 02:54pm
InfoRita Johnston, Canada's first woman premier, began her political career in 1969 at the municipal level when she was elected councillor in Surrey, British Columbia. At that time Mrs. Johnston and her husband operated a mobile home park in Surrey and she had been active in the Surrey Chamber of Commerce and the Newton Ratepayers' Association. Her interest in municipal politics was sparked by dealings with the municipality during the establishment of her family business. Bill Vander Zalm, future Premier of British Columbia, was elected Mayor of Surrey in the 1969 municipal election in which Mrs. Johnston was first elected councillor. In 1975 when Mr. Vander Zalm went on to provincial politics as Surrey's Member of the Legislative Assembly, Mrs. Johnston ran for mayor of Surrey losing by less than 100 votes. She again served Council terms for the District of Surrey from 1978-1980 and 1982-1983. In 1983 when Mr. Vander Zalm resigned after two terms as Surrey's Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), Rita Johnston succeeded him as Social Credit candidate in the riding. She won the riding in the 1983 provincial general election and was re-elected in 1986 in the Surrey-Newton riding.

In the Legislature, she held the positions of Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources (1985-86) and Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Municipal Affairs (1986) prior to being appointed to Cabinet by Premier Vander Zalm in 1986. As a cabinet minister, Mrs. Johnston had a reputation of being a hard worker, attentive to input from stakeholders, and a team player.

Upon Premier Vander Zalm's resignation in April 1991, Mrs. Johnston was chosen interim leader of the Social Credit Party by the party caucus thus becoming Acting Premier and the first woman premier in Canada. Johnston was quoted upon being chosen leader: "I think you will find more emphasis placed on violence against women, violence against children and seniors, and the issues that have not been addressed by Social Credit traditionally in past years." On July 20, 1991, she was officially elected leader at the Social Credit leadership Convention.

In the provincial general election of October 17, 1991, Mrs. Johnston's Social Credit government was defeated and Mrs. Johnston was defeated in her own riding. She resigned as Social Credit leader on January 11, 1992.


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Importance? 6.00000 Average


  10/17/1991 BC Legislative Assembly - Surrey-Newton Lost 31.81% (-9.78%)
  10/17/1991 BC Premier Lost 9.33% (-58.67%)
  07/20/1991 BC Social Credit Party Leader Won 51.65% (+3.29%)
  04/02/1991 BC Premier - Succession Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  04/02/1991 BC Social Credit Party Leader - Interim Won 55.26% (+10.53%)