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  Pinochet, Augusto
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationIndependent  
 
NameAugusto Pinochet
Address
, , Chile
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born November 25, 1915
DiedDecember 10, 2006 (91 years)
ContributorThomas Walker
Last ModifedJuan Croniqueur
Nov 27, 2015 01:55am
Tags
InfoPinochet came to power in a coup d'état on September 11, 1973 after the Chamber of Deputies in its Resolution of August 22, 1973 declared that Allende had violated the Constitution. President Allende died before being captured. The exact circumstances of his death are still disputed. An autopsy in 1990 found that Allende's wounds were consistent with the suicide account.

In his memoirs, Pinochet affirms that he was the leader of the coup, and used his position as Commander-in-chief of the Army to coordinate a far-reaching scheme with the other two branches of the military and the national police. In recent years, however, high military officials from the time have said that Pinochet reluctantly got involved only a few days before it was scheduled to occur and followed the lead of other branches (especially the Navy) as they triggered the coup.

Military Junta

Main article: Government Junta of Chile (1973)

A military junta was established immediately following the coup, made up of General Pinochet representing the Army, Admiral José Toribio Merino representing the Navy, General Gustavo Leigh representing the Air Force, and General César Mendoza representing the Carabineros (uniformed police).

Administration

Main article: Chile under Pinochet

Once the Junta was in power, Pinochet soon consolidated his control, first retaining sole chairmanship of the military junta, and then being proclaimed President on June 27, 1974. General Leigh, head of the Air Force, became increasingly opposed to Pinochet's policies and was forced into retirement on July 24, 1978. He was replaced by General Fernando Matthei.

During 1977 and 1978, Chile was on the brink of war with Argentina (also ruled by a military government) over a disagreement regarding the ownership of the strategic Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands at the southern tip of South America. Antonio Samoré, a representative of Pope John Paul II, successfully prevented full-scale war. The conflict was finally resolved on 1984, with the Treaty of Peace and Friendship (Tratado de Paz y Amistad). Chilean sovereignty over the islands and Argentinian over the surrounding sea is now undisputed.

In 1981, he promoted himself to the supreme army rank of Capitán General (literally Captain General), previously borne by colonial governors and by Bernardo O'Higgins, a hero of Chile's war of independence. The ranks was reserved only for those who were, at the same time, heads of Government and of the Army.

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BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
The Pinochet Affair : State Terrorism and Global Justice  Purchase The Oncoming Storm 

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Dec 11, 2006 02:00pm Blog Entry Right-wing apologists for Pinochet should be ashamed of themselves  Article Thomas Walker 
Dec 11, 2006 09:00am News Thatcher 'saddened' by death of Pinochet  Article Servo 
Dec 11, 2006 09:00am News White House commends Chile for surviving 'difficult period' of Pinochet reign  Article Servo 
Dec 10, 2006 12:00pm News Former Chilean Dictator Pinochet Dies at 91  Article ArmyDem 
Dec 03, 2006 08:30pm News Pinochet 'back from the brink of death'  Article Servo 
Dec 03, 2006 06:10pm News Pinochet given last rites  Article Monsieur 

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  09/11/1973 Chile President - Coup d'etat Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
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