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  Le Pen, Jean-Marie
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationNational Front  
<-  2014-07-01  
 
NameJean-Marie Le Pen
Address4 rue Vauguyon 92210
St Cloud, , France
EmailNone
Website [Link]
Born June 20, 1928 (94 years)
ContributorUser 215
Last ModifedIndyGeorgia
Feb 12, 2019 08:08pm
Tags French -
InfoLe Pen was born at La Trinité-sur-Mer, a small Breton harbour, as the son of a fisherman. Le Pen was orphaned as an adolescent, his father's boat blown up by a mine.

Le Pen studied political science and law, and was at one time the president of an association of law students in Paris.

He is currently the president of the political party National Front, and has several times run for the presidential elections.

A decorated veteran of the French paratroops in Indochina (1953), Algeria (1957) and Suez (year), Le Pen started his political career in Paris in 1956 when he became a the youngest member of the French National Assembly, with the party of Pierre Poujade. Earlier, in 1953 he had organized youth volunteers to carry out disaster relief after a flood in the Netherlands. In 1972, he founded the right-wing party National Front. The electoral results of the National Front have been on the rise since the municipal elections of 1983.

In 1984 and 1999 Le Pen won a seat in the European Parliament. He was deprived of his seat by the European Court of Justice on April 10, 2003. In 1992 and 1998 he was elected to the regional council of Provence-Alpes-C�te d'Azur. His political career has been most successful in the south of France.

Le Pen ran in the French presidential elections in 1974, 1988, 1995 and 2002. In the presidential elections of 2002, Le Pen obtained 16.86% of the votes in the first round of voting. This was enough to qualify him for the second round, as a result of the poor showing by the Socialist candidate and incumbent prime-minister Lionel Jospin and the scattering of votes among fifteen other candidates. This was a major political event, both nationally and internationally, as it was the first time an extreme right-wing candidate qualified for the second round of the French presidential elections.

Despite his undoubted popularity, Le Pen has been severely criticized both at home and abroad for perceived xenophobia and anti-Semitism. He has made remarks which are widely considered to be anti-Semitic; on 13 September 1987 he referred to the gas chambers as "a point of detail of the Second World War." In February 1997, Le Pen accused President Chirac of being "in the pay of Jewish organizations, and particularly of the notorious B'nai B'rith".

In May 1987 he advocated isolating those infected with AIDS (whom he calls "sida�ques1") from society by placing them in a special "sidatorium".

In April 2000 he was suspended from the European Parliament after physically attacking the Socialist candidate Annette Peulvast-Bergeal during the 1997 general election. This ultimately led to losing his seat in the European parliament in 2003.

It has also been established that he practiced torture in Algeria. Although war crimes committed during the Algerian War of Independence are amnestied in France, this fact was publicised by the newspapers Le Canard Enchain� and Lib�ration and by Michel Rocard (ex-Prime Minister) on TV (TF-1 1993). Le Pen sued the papers and Michel Rocard. This affair ended in 2000 when the "Cour de cassation" (French supreme jurisdiction) concluded that it was legitimate to publish this fact. However, because of the amnesty, there can be no further penal issues.

Le Pen supporters applaud his nationalistic pride and economic position. However, Bruce Crumley in Time International, 6/5/022 writes: "Denunciations of Jean-Marie Le Pen and his xenophobic National Front (FN) as racist, anti-Semitic and hostile to minorities and foreigners aren't exactly new. More novel, however, are such condemnations coming from far-right movements like the Austrian Freedom Party (FPO), which itself won international opprobrium in 1999 after entering government on a populist platform similar to Le Pen's."

In later years, however, Le Pen softened his message and did not make any racist-sounding remark.

Le Pen's success in the first round of the 2002 French presidential election - he finished second, but lost by a wide margin in the second round against incumbent president Jacques Chirac - is generally explained by the impatience of the French electorate with respect to the reduction of crime. The electoral campaign had largely been focused on an alleged burst of criminality in the recent years. Le Pen advocates tough law-and-order policies.


JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
10/13/2011-10/14/2011 IFOP 17.00% ( 0.0) 83.00% ( 0.0) 0.00% ( 0.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
May 04, 2015 09:35pm News France's Jean-Marie Le Pen suspended from own far-right party  Article IndyGeorgia 
Aug 12, 2008 09:00am Amusing Le Pen sells party HQ to Chinese  Article New Jerusalem 
Mar 04, 2004 12:00am News France's Le Pen suffers poll blow  Article User 13 
Dec 09, 2003 12:00am News French poll says 22% back Le Pen  Article Mr. Techno 

DISCUSSION
Importance? 10.00000 Average

FAMILY
Daughter Marie-Caroline Le Pen 0000-
Daughter Yann Maréchal-Le Pen 0000-
Granddaughter Marion Maréchal-Le Pen 1989-
Daughter Marine Le Pen 1968-

INFORMATION LINKS
RACES
  05/25/2014 FRA MEP - Sud-Est Seat Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  03/21/2010 Regional President - Run-Off Lost 22.87% (-21.25%)
  03/14/2010 Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Regional President Won 20.30% (-5.50%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Calvados First Round Lost 8.99% (-20.26%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Bouches-du-Rhône First Round Lost 13.87% (-20.38%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Aveyron First Round Lost 7.39% (-21.35%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Maine et Loire First Round Lost 7.12% (-23.85%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Moselle First Round Lost 14.81% (-15.76%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Corrèze First Round Lost 7.58% (-22.15%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Val d'Oise First Round Lost 9.20% (-23.17%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Doubs First Round Lost 12.24% (-20.14%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Haute Marne First Round Lost 17.00% (-14.71%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Essonne First Round Lost 8.65% (-22.86%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Manche First Round Lost 9.19% (-22.87%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Ain First Round Lost 12.28% (-22.22%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Alpes-Maritime First Round Lost 13.47% (-30.12%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Gers First Round Lost 8.43% (-22.75%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Vendée First Round Lost 6.46% (-23.26%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Nord First Round Lost 13.83% (-15.47%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Lozère First Round Lost 9.44% (-22.37%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Finistère First Round Lost 6.51% (-22.66%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Cher First Round Lost 11.73% (-16.78%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Loir et Cher First Round Lost 12.80% (-17.04%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Yonne First Round Lost 14.23% (-18.05%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Drôme First Round Lost 11.96% (-17.96%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Rhône First Round Lost 9.09% (-25.98%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Hautes Pyrénées First Round Lost 7.71% (-23.16%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Mayenne First Round Lost 7.56% (-24.56%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Vosges First Round Lost 15.66% (-13.39%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Hérault First Round Lost 13.35% (-17.80%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Côte d'Armor First Round Lost 7.39% (-22.66%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Haut de Seine First Round Lost 5.53% (-32.74%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Marne First Round Lost 13.86% (-19.90%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Orne First Round Lost 12.28% (-20.05%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Vienne First Round Lost 8.35% (-20.81%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Isère First Round Lost 10.09% (-20.12%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Tarn First Round Lost 10.59% (-18.66%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Aisne First Round Lost 17.28% (-12.02%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Meurthe et Moselle First Round Lost 12.57% (-15.89%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Yvelines First Round Lost 7.34% (-30.32%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Ille et Vilaine First Round Lost 6.24% (-22.00%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Eure et Loir First Round Lost 12.25% (-20.87%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Jura First Round Lost 13.35% (-15.75%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Hautes-Alpes First Round Lost 8.92% (-21.74%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Alpes de Haute Provence First Round Lost 11.24% (-18.74%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Haute Garonne First Round Lost 8.45% (-24.65%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Somme First Round Lost 14.36% (-13.37%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Haute Vienne First Round Lost 8.56% (-22.90%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Aude First Round Lost 13.20% (-17.50%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Morbihan First Round Lost 9.02% (-20.78%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Loiret First Round Lost 11.84% (-21.82%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Seine Maritime First Round Lost 11.46% (-16.96%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Nièvre First Round Lost 11.98% (-17.37%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Charente-Maritime First Round Lost 8.94% (-21.15%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Deux-Sèvres First Round Lost 5.79% (-28.11%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Charente First Round Lost 9.15% (-21.18%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Oise First Round Lost 14.93% (-17.97%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Meuse First Round Lost 16.32% (-13.66%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Seine-Saint-Denis First Round Lost 9.04% (-25.09%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Aube First Round Lost 15.44% (-19.70%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Indre-et-Loire First Round Lost 9.10% (-21.60%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Ardennes First Round Lost 16.20% (-12.84%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Côte d'Or First Round Lost 11.66% (-20.42%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Var First Round Lost 13.91% (-25.83%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Haute Savoie First Round Lost 9.72% (-27.73%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Lot First Round Lost 7.22% (-24.76%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Sarthe First Round Lost 10.48% (-18.54%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Creuse First Round Lost 8.68% (-20.34%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Seine et Marne First Round Lost 11.17% (-22.36%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Indre First Round Lost 11.80% (-15.15%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Eure First Round Lost 13.20% (-18.20%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Paris First Round Lost 4.58% (-30.50%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Ardèche First Round Lost 11.35% (-16.29%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Vaucluse First Round Lost 16.55% (-16.08%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Loire First Round Lost 12.13% (-17.96%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Tarn-et-Garonne First Round Lost 12.48% (-16.22%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Ariège First Round Lost 9.72% (-25.28%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Loire Atlantique First Round Lost 6.56% (-23.21%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Pyrénées Orientales First Round Lost 14.21% (-17.99%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Val de Marne First Round Lost 7.31% (-24.51%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Territoire de Belfort First Round Lost 14.80% (-15.19%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Corse du Sud First Round Lost 15.92% (-21.62%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Haute Saône First Round Lost 16.48% (-13.96%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Saône-et-Loire First Round Lost 11.59% (-18.29%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Guadeloupe First Round Lost 3.18% (-39.45%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Allier - First Round Lost 10.06% (-18.00%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Cantal - First Round Lost 8.17% (-25.20%)
  04/22/2007 French President Lost 10.44% (-20.74%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Haute-Loire - First Round Lost 11.70% (-17.11%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Puy-de-Dôme - First Round Lost 8.17% (-21.16%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Haut Rhin - First Round Lost 14.07% (-22.05%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Dordogne - First Round Lost 9.48% (-20.34%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Gironde - First Round Lost 9.12% (-20.15%)
  04/22/2007 French President - Lorraine Lost 14.43% (-15.20%)
  05/05/2002 French President - Runoff Lost 17.79% (-64.43%)
  05/05/2002 French President - Aquitaine - Dordogne Lost 14.30% (-71.39%)
  05/05/2002 French President - Auvergne - Puy de Dôme Lost 12.95% (-74.09%)
  05/05/2002 French President - Bretagne - Côte d'Amour Lost 11.70% (-76.60%)
  05/05/2002 French President - Centre - Loir et Cher Lost 19.21% (-61.58%)
  05/05/2002 French President - Franche-Comté - Doubs Lost 18.19% (-63.62%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US President - R Primaries - Jun 07, 2016 R Donald Trump
European Parliament - France - Jun 15, 2015 NA Non-Inscrits
French Referendum - Establish European Constitution - May 29, 2005 NO No
French President - May 19, 1974 UMP Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
French President - Dec 05, 1965 DD Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour