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  Johnson, Richard Mentor
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
 
NameRichard Mentor Johnson
Address
Great Crossings, Kentucky , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born October 17, 1780
DiedNovember 19, 1850 (70 years)
ContributorU Ole Polecat
Last ModifedRP
Nov 25, 2016 08:58pm
Tags
InfoRichard Mentor Johnson (October 17, 1780–November 19, 1850) was a Representative and a Senator from Kentucky and the ninth Vice President of the United States, serving in the administration of Martin Van Buren.

He was born at "Beargrass", Jefferson County, Kentucky, near the present site of Louisville, and attended Transylvania University. He was admitted to the bar in 1802, and was a member of the state House of Representatives from 1804-1806 and again in 1819. He was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Tenth and to the five succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1807-March 3, 1819). He was chairman of the Committee on Claims and the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of War.

Johnson was commissioned a Colonel of Kentucky Volunteers and commanded a regiment in engagements against the British in Lower Canada in 1813. He was credited by some with personally killing the Shawnee leader Tecumseh during the Battle of the Thames; despite the doubtful accuracy of this claim, Johnson would later use it to good effect in his political career. He was elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John J. Crittenden, and was reelected and served from December 10, 1819 to March 3, 1829. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1829.

He was elected to the 21st Congress and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1829–March 3, 1837) He was chairman of the Committee on Post Office and Post Roads and the Committee on Military Affairs. He was selected as Martin Van Buren's Vice President by the Senate on February 8, 1837, after losing the support of some of his Presidential electors due to his relationship with an African-American woman. He served as vice President from March 4, 1837, to March 4, 1841.

Johnson was a member of the state House of Representatives in 1850, but he died in Frankfort, Kentucky soon after taking his seat. He is interred in the Frankfort Cemetery.

His brothers James and John Telemachus and his nephew Robert Ward Johnson were all members of the House of Representatives, and, in the case of Robert Ward, a Senator as well.

Johnson, never married, had a long-term relationship with Julia Chinn, a family slave. Together, they had two daughters, Adaline Chinn Johnson and Imogene Chinn Johnson.

Named for Johnson are counties in Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri and Nebraska.

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FAMILY
Father Robert Johnson 0000-
Brother James Johnson 1774-1826
Brother John T. Johnson 1788-1856

INFORMATION LINKS
RACES
  02/05/1849 KY US Senate Lost 32.85% (-34.31%)
  05/30/1844 US Vice President - D Convention Lost 3.64% (-27.13%)
  05/30/1844 US President - D Convention Lost 6.25% (-37.50%)
  11/03/1840 US Vice President Lost 16.33% (-63.27%)
  02/08/1837 US Vice President - Senate Runoff Won 67.35% (+34.69%)
  11/08/1836 US Vice President Won 50.00% (+23.81%)
  08/05/1835 KY - District 13 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  05/22/1835 US Vice President - D Convention Won 67.17% (+34.34%)
  08/05/1833 KY - District 13 Won 73.57% (+47.13%)
  05/23/1832 US Vice President - D Convention Lost 9.19% (-64.31%)
  08/01/1831 KY - District 05 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/03/1829 KY - District 05 Won 55.15% (+10.31%)
  08/05/1828 KY US Senate Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  08/05/1822 KY US Senate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  12/09/1819 KY US Senate - Appointment Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/05/1816 KY - District 03 Won 56.65% (+13.30%)
  08/01/1814 KY - District 03 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/03/1812 KY - District 03 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/06/1810 KY - District 04 Won 77.38% (+54.75%)
  08/01/1808 KY District 4 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/04/1806 KY District 4 Won 42.51% (+12.34%)
  08/02/1803 KY District 4 Lost 24.87% (-18.37%)
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