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  Tyler, John
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
<-  1861-01-01  
 
NameJohn Tyler
Address
Sherwood Forest, Virginia , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born March 29, 1790
DiedJanuary 18, 1862 (71 years)
ContributorJake
Last ModifedNJLBT
Feb 17, 2021 05:09pm
Tags English - Episcopalian -
InfoDubbed “His Accidency” by his detractors, John Tyler was the first Vice President to be elevated to the office of President by the death of his predecessor.

Born in Virginia in 1790, he was raised believing that the Constitution must be strictly construed. He never wavered from this conviction. He attended the College of William and Mary and studied law.

Serving in the House of Representatives from 1816 to 1821, Tyler voted against most nationalist legislation and opposed the Missouri Compromise. After leaving the House he served as Governor of Virginia. As a Senator he reluctantly supported Jackson for President as a choice of evils. Tyler soon joined the states’ rights Southerners in Congress who banded with Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and their newly formed Whig party opposing President Jackson.

The Whigs nominated Tyler for Vice President in 1840, hoping for support from southern states’-righters who could not stomach Jacksonian Democracy. The slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” implied flag waving nationalism plus a dash of southern sectionalism.

Clay, intending to keep party leadership in his own hands, minimized his nationalist views temporarily; Webster proclaimed himself “a Jeffersonian Democrat.” But after the election, both men tried to dominate “Old Tippecanoe.”

Suddenly President Harrison was dead, and “Tyler too” was in the White House. At first the Whigs were not too disturbed, although Tyler insisted upon assuming the full powers of a duly elected President. He even delivered an Inaugural Address, but it seemed full of good Whig doctrine. Whigs, optimistic that Tyler would accept their program, soon were disillusioned.

Tyler was ready to compromise on the banking question, but Clay would not budge. He would not accept Tyler’s “exchequer system,” and Tyler vetoed Clay’s bill to establish a National Bank with branches in several states. A similar bank bill was passed by Congress. But again, on states’ rights grounds, Tyler vetoed it.

In retaliation, the Whigs expelled Tyler from their party. All the Cabinet resigned but Secretary of State Webster. A year later when Tyler vetoed a tariff bill, the first impeachment resolution against a President was introduced in the House of Representatives. A committee headed by Representative John Quincy Adams reported that the President had misused the veto power, but the resolution failed.

Despite their differences, President Tyler and the Whig Congress enacted much positive legislation. The “Log-Cabin” bill enabled a settler to claim 160 acres of land before it was offered publicly for sale, and later pay $1.25 an acre for it.

In 1842 Tyler did sign a tariff bill protecting northern manufacturers. The Webster-Ashburton treaty ended a Canadian boundary dispute; in 1845 Texas was annexed.

The administration of this states’-righter strengthened the Presidency. But it also increased sectional cleavage that led toward civil war. By the end of his term, Tyler had replaced the original Whig Cabinet with southern conservatives. In 1844 Calhoun became Secretary of State. Later these men returned to the Democratic Party, committed to the preservation of states’ rights, planter interests, and the institution of slavery. Whigs became more representative of northern business and farming interests.

When the first southern states seceded in 1861, Tyler led a compromise movement; failing, he worked to create the Southern Confederacy. He died in 1862, a member of the Confederate House of Representatives.

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JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 9.00% ( 0.0) 15.00% ( 0.0) 74.00% ( 0.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Jan 25, 2012 11:00pm General Former President John Tyler’s (1790-1862) grandchildren still alive  Article COSDem 
Mar 04, 2009 09:00pm Opinion Who really belongs on Mount Rushmore?  Article J.R. 

DISCUSSION
Importance? 9.75000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Letitia Christian Tyler Mar 29, 1813-Sep 10, 1842
Wife Julia Gardiner Tyler Jun 26, 1844-Jan 18, 1862
Daughter Mary Tyler Jones 1815-1848
Son Robert Tyler 1816-1877
Son John Tyler, Jr. 1819-1896
Daughter Letitia "Letty" Tyler Semple 1821-1907
Daughter Elizabeth "lizzie" Tyler Waller 1823-1850
Daughter Anne Contesse Tyler 1825-1825
Daughter Alice Tyler Denison 1827-1854
Son Tazewell Tyler 1830-1874
Son David Gardiner "Gardie" Tyler 1846-1927
Son John Alexander "Alex" Tyler 1848-1883
Daughter Julia Tyler Spencer 1849-1871
Son Lachlan Tyler 1851-1902
Son Lyon Gardiner Tyler 1853-1935
Grandson Harrison Ruffin Tyler 1928-
Son Robert Fitzwalter Tyler 1856-1927
Daughter Pearl Tyler Ellis 1860-1947
Father John Tyler, Sr. 1747-1813

INFORMATION LINKS
John Tyler - First Annual Message (December 7, 1841)  Discuss
John Tyler - State of the Union Address (1842)  Discuss
John Tyler - State of the Union Address (1843)  Discuss
John Tyler - State of the Union Address (1844)  Discuss
RACES
  11/06/1861 VA CSA District 03 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  07/20/1861 VA CSA Delegate - Seat P Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  02/01/1861 Washington Peace Convention - Delegate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/05/1844 US President National Vote Lost 0.00% (-49.54%)
  05/28/1844 US President - National Democratic Tyler Convention Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  04/06/1841 US President - Deceased Successor Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/03/1840 US Vice President Won 79.59% (+63.27%)
  12/07/1839 US Vice President - W Convention Won 90.94% (+81.89%)
  11/08/1836 US Vice President Lost 15.99% (-34.01%)
  03/03/1835 President Pro Tempore Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  00/00/1832 VA US Senate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  00/00/1826 VA US Senate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  12/10/1825 VA Governor Won 61.79% (+23.58%)
  04/00/1819 VA District 23 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  04/00/1817 VA District 23 Won 53.71% (+7.42%)
  11/04/1816 VA District 23 Special Election Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US President - W Convention - Dec 07, 1839 W Henry Clay