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  Johnson, Andrew
NameAndrew Johnson
Greeneville, Tennessee , United States
Website [Link]
Born December 29, 1808
DiedJuly 31, 1875 (66 years)
Last ModifedRBH
Dec 15, 2014 01:57am
Tags Scottish - Impeached - Freemason -
InfoAndrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 - July 31, 1875) was the 17th (1865-1869) President of the United States. He became President when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Johnson presided over the Reconstruction of the United States following the American Civil War.

Johnson's conciliatory policies towards the defeated rebels and his vetoes of civil rights bills embroiled him in a bitter dispute with the radical faction of Congress, leading the House of Representatives to impeach him in 1868, becoming the first President to be impeached. He was subsequently acquitted by a single vote in the Senate.

Johnson was a Representative and a Senator from Tennessee and a Vice President and 17th President of the United States. He was born in Raleigh, North Carolina on December 29, 1808. He was self-educated. At the age of 13 he was apprenticed to a tailor. He moved to Tennessee in 1826, where he continued his employment as a tailor. He served as an alderman in Greeneville, Tennessee from 1828 to 1830, and mayor of Greeneville from 1834 to 1838. He was a member of the State house of representatives from 1835 to 1837 and 1839 to 1841. He was elected to the State senate in 1841, and elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1843 to March 3, 1853. He was chairman of the Committee on Public Expenditures (Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses).

Johnson did not seek renomination, having become a gubernatorial candidate. He was Governor of Tennessee from 1853 to 1857, and was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from October 8, 1857 to March 4, 1862, when he resigned. He was chairman of the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expense (Thirty-sixth Congress). Johnson was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as Military Governor of Tennessee in 1862. He was elected Vice President of the United States on the Republican ticket headed by Abraham Lincoln in 1864 and was inaugurated March 4, 1865. He became President of the United States on April 15, 1865, upon the death of Abraham Lincoln.

Wide differences arising between the President and the Congress, a resolution for his impeachment passed the House of Representatives February 24, 1868. On March 5, 1868 a court of impeachment was organized in the United States Senate to hear charges against the President. Eleven articles were set out in the resolution and the trial before the Senate lasted three months, at the conclusion of which he was acquitted (May 16, 1868) by a vote of thirty-five for conviction to nineteen for acquittal, the necessary two-thirds vote for impeachment not having been obtained. He retired to his home in Tennessee upon the expiration of the presidential term on March 4, 1869.

Johnson was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1869 and to the House of Representatives in 1872. He was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1875, until his death near Elizabethton, Carter County, Tennessee, July 31, 1875. Internment was in the Andrew Johnson National Cemetery, Greeneville, Greene County, Tennessee.

First Appeared on a United States Postage Stamp in 1938.
Vote totals for elections in which was nominated for the Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1900-1965): 1940-8, 1960-0, 1965-0.


DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 45.00% ( 0.0) 26.00% ( 0.0) 30.00% ( 0.0)

Title Purchase Contributor
Impeached: The Trial of President Andrew Johnson and the Fight for Lincoln's Legacy   Purchase Brandonius Maximus 

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor

Importance? 9.66670 Average

Wife Eliza McCardle Johnson May 17, 1827-Jul 31, 1875
Daughter Martha Johnson Patterson 1828-1901
Son Charles Johnson 1830-1863
Daughter Mary Johnson Stover Brown 1832-1883
Son Robert Johnson 1834-1869
Son Andrew Johnson, Jr. 1852-1879

Andrew Johnson - First Annual Message (December 4, 1865)  Discuss
Andrew Johnson - State of the Union Address (1866)  Discuss
Andrew Johnson - State of the Union Address (1867)  Discuss
Andrew Johnson - State of the Union Address (1868)  Discuss
Cleveland speech, September 3, 1866 - Andrew Johnson  Discuss
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson  Discuss
Veto of the First Reconstruction Act - Andrew Johnson  Discuss
  01/26/1875 TN US Senate Won 53.06% (+29.59%)
  11/05/1872 TN - At-Large Lost 20.61% (-23.34%)
  07/09/1868 US President - D Convention Lost 6.49% (-25.15%)
  04/15/1865 US President - Deceased Successor Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/08/1864 US Vice President Won 90.99% (+81.97%)
  06/08/1864 US Vice President - R Convention Won 60.67% (+42.17%)
  03/12/1862 TN Governor - Appointment Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  06/23/1860 US President - D Convention Lost 3.46% (-46.69%)
  11/03/1856 TN US Senate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/02/1855 TN - Governor Won 50.81% (+1.62%)
  08/04/1853 TN - Governor Won 50.90% (+1.81%)
  08/07/1851 TN - District 01 Won 57.52% (+15.04%)
  12/22/1849 US House Speaker Lost 0.10% (-10.61%)
  08/02/1849 TN - District 01 Won 52.43% (+8.71%)
  08/02/1847 TN - District 01 Won 51.87% (+3.75%)
  08/07/1845 TN - District 01 Won 56.27% (+12.55%)
  08/03/1842 TN District 1 Won 52.31% (+4.62%)