Home About Chat Users Issues Party Candidates Polling Firms Media News Polls Calendar Key Races United States President Senate House Governors International

"A historical political resource." 
Email: Password:

  Pickering, Timothy
NameTimothy Pickering
Salem, Massachusetts , United States
Born July 17, 1745
DiedJanuary 29, 1829 (83 years)
ContributorThomas Walker
Last ModifedRob Ritchie
Dec 04, 2019 12:46pm
InfoPICKERING, Timothy, a Senator and a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Salem, Mass., July 17, 1745; attended the grammar school and graduated from Harvard College in 1763; clerk in the office of register of deeds in Salem; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1768 and commenced practice in Salem; selectman and assessor 1772-1777; member of Committee on State of Rights of Colonists 1773; member of Committee of Correspondence and Safety 1774-1775; held various local offices; elected to the State legislature in 1776; entered the Revolutionary Army as colonel; appointed adjutant general and elected as a member of Board of War in 1777; became Quartermaster General of the Army in 1780; moved to Philadelphia in 1785 and to Wyoming County, Pa., in 1787; member of the Pennsylvania State constitutional convention 1789-1790; special government agent on missions to the Indians; appointed Postmaster General in the administration of President George Washington in 1791, as Secretary of War in 1795, and as Secretary of State 1795-1800; returned to Massachusetts in 1802; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1802 to the Eighth Congress; appointed chief justice of court of common pleas and general sessions of the peace in 1802; elected to the United States Senate as a Federalist in 1803 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Dwight Foster; reelected and served from March 4, 1803, to March 3, 1811; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1811; censured by the Senate in 1811 for breach of confidence; member of the executive council of Massachusetts 1812-1813; elected as a Federalist to the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Congresses (March 4, 1813-March 3, 1817); declined to be a candidate for renomination; returned to his farm near Wenham, Mass.; returned to Salem in 1820; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Seventeenth Congress; died in Salem, Essex County, Mass., January 29, 1829; interment in Broad Street Cemetery.


Title Purchase Contributor

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor

Importance? 0.00000 Average


  04/16/1821 MA District 2 (Essex South) - 3rd Trial Lost 44.73% (-9.18%)
  11/02/1818 MA District 2 (Essex South) Lost 34.48% (-29.75%)
  11/07/1814 MA District 2 (Essex South) Won 89.24% (+78.49%)
  11/02/1812 MA District 3 (Essex North) Won 95.62% (+91.24%)
  11/03/1804 MA US Senate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  10/17/1803 President Pro Tempore Lost 3.45% (-79.31%)
  03/03/1803 MA US Senate - Appointment Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  02/17/1803 MA US Senate Lost 30.74% (-2.72%)
  11/01/1802 MA District 2 (Essex South) Lost 48.07% (-3.86%)
  12/10/1795 U. S. Secretary of State Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/20/1795 U. S. Secretary of State - Acting Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  01/01/1795 Secretary of War Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/11/1791 US Postmaster General Won 100.00% (+100.00%)