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  Tudor, Elizabeth I of
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationIndependent  
 
NameElizabeth I of Tudor
Address
, , United Kingdom
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born September 07, 1533
DiedMarch 24, 1603 (69 years)
ContributorJ.R.
Last ModifedE Pluribus Unum
Apr 21, 2021 12:51pm
Tags Caucasian - English - Single - Imprisoned - Anglican - Disputed -
InfoElizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was queen regnant of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana, or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. The daughter of Henry VIII, she was born a princess, but her mother, Anne Boleyn, was executed two and a half years after her birth, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her half-brother, Edward VI, bequeathed the crown to Lady Jane Grey, cutting his half-sisters out of the succession. His will was set aside, Lady Jane Grey was executed, and in 1558 Elizabeth succeeded the Catholic Mary I, during whose reign she had been imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels.

Elizabeth set out to rule by good counsel, and she depended heavily on a group of trusted advisers led by William Cecil, Baron Burghley. One of her first moves as queen was the establishing of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor. This Elizabethan Religious Settlement later evolved into today's Church of England. It was expected that Elizabeth would marry and produce an heir so as to continue the Tudor line. She never did, however, despite numerous courtships. As she grew older, Elizabeth became famous for her virginity, and a cult grew up around her which was celebrated in the portraits, pageants, and literature of the day.

In government, Elizabeth was more moderate than her father and half-siblings had been. One of her mottoes was "video et taceo" ("I see, and say nothing"). In religion she was relatively tolerant, avoiding systematic persecution. After 1570, when the pope declared her illegitimate and released her subjects from obedience to her, several conspiracies threatened her life. All plots were defeated, however, with the help of her ministers' secret service. Elizabeth was cautious in foreign affairs, moving between the major powers of France and Spain. She only half-heartedly supported a number of ineffective, poorly resourced military campaigns in the Netherlands, France and Ireland. In the mid-1580s, war with Spain could no longer be avoided, and when Spain finally decided to invade and conquer England in 1588, the defeat of the Spanish Armada associated her with what is popularly viewed as one of the greatest victories in English history.

Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous above all for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Sir Francis Drake. Some historians are more reserved in their assessment. They depict Elizabeth as a short-tempered, sometimes indecisive ruler, who enjoyed more than her share of luck. Towards the end of her reign, a series of economic and military problems weakened her popularity. Elizabeth is acknowledged as a charismatic performer and a dogged survivor, in an age when government was ramshackle and limited and when monarchs in neighbouring countries faced internal problems that jeopardised their thrones. Such was the case with Elizabeth's rival, Mary, Queen of Scots, whom she imprisoned in 1568 and eventually had executed in 1587. After the short reigns of Elizabeth's brother and sister, her 44 years on the throne provided welcome stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity.

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FAMILY
Father Henry VIII of Tudor 1491-1547
Grandfather Henry VII of Tudor 1457-1509
Great-Grandfather Edmund Tudor 1430-1456
Aunt Margaret Tudor (Queen Margaret) 1489-1541
1st Cousin James Stuart (James V) 1512-1542
Aunt Mary Valois 1496-1533
1st Cousin Frances Grey 1517-1559
Grandmother Elizabeth of York 1466-1503
Great-Grandfather Edward Plantagenet (Edward IV) 1442-1483
Grand Uncle Edward Plantagenet (Edward V) 1470-1483
Great-Grandmother Elizabeth Woodville 1437-1492
Sister Mary I of Tudor 1516-1558
Brother Edward VI of Tudor 1537-1553
Mother Anne Boleyn 1501-1536

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RACES
  11/17/1559 Queen Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  07/19/1553 Queen Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
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