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  Roosevelt, Eleanor
NameEleanor Roosevelt
New York, New York , United States
Born October 11, 1884
DiedNovember 07, 1962 (78 years)
Last ModifedCOSDem
Oct 11, 2005 12:32am
Tags Caucasian - Disputed -
Info".....without equality, there can be no democracy" ~Eleanor Roosevelt

A shy, awkward child, starved for recognition and love, Eleanor Roosevelt grew into a woman with great sensitivity to the underprivileged of all creeds, races, and nations. Her constant work to improve their lot made her one of the most loved--and for some years one of the most reviled--women of her generation.
She was born in New York City on October 11, 1884, daughter of lovely Anna Hall and Elliott Roosevelt, younger brother of Theodore. When her mother died in 1892, the children went to live with Grandmother Hall; her adored father died only two years later. Attending a distinguished school in England gave her, at 15, her first chance to develop self-confidence among other girls.
Tall, slender, graceful of figure but apprehensive at the thought of being a wallflower, she returned for a debut that she dreaded. In her circle of friends was a distant cousin, handsome young Franklin Delano Roosevelt. They became engaged in 1903 and were married in 1905, with her uncle the President giving the bride away. Within eleven years Eleanor bore six children; one son died in infancy. "I suppose I was fitting pretty well into the pattern of a fairly conventional, quiet, young society matron," she wrote later in her autobiography.

In Albany, where Franklin served in the state Senate from 1910 to 1913, Eleanor started her long career as political helpmate. She gained a knowledge of Washington and its ways while he served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy. When he was stricken with poliomyelitis in 1921, she tended him devotedly. She became active in the women's division of the State Democratic Committee to keep his interest in politics alive. From his successful campaign for governor in 1928 to the day of his death, she dedicated her life to his purposes. She became eyes and ears for him, a trusted and tireless reporter.

When Mrs. Roosevelt came to the White House in 1933, she understood social conditions better than any of her predecessors and she transformed the role of First Lady accordingly. She never shirked official entertaining; she greeted thousands with charming friendliness. She also broke precedent to hold press conferences, travel to all parts of the country, give lectures and radio broadcasts, and express her opinions candidly in a daily syndicated newspaper column, "My Day."

This made her a tempting target for political enemies but her integrity, her graciousness, and her sincerity of purpose endeared her personally to many--from heads of state to servicemen she visited abroad during World War II. As she had written wistfully at 14: "...no matter how plain a woman may be if truth & loyalty are stamped upon her face all will be attracted to her...."

After the President's death in 1945 she returned to a cottage at his Hyde Park estate; she told reporters: "the story is over." Within a year, however, she began her service as American spokesman in the United Nations. She continued a vigorous career until her strength began to wane in 1962. She died in New York City that November, and was buried at Hyde Park beside her husband.


Title Purchase Contributor
Empty Without You: The Intimate Letters of Eleanor Roosevelt and Lorena Hickok  Purchase COSDem 

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Jul 10, 2003 12:00am General Who was Lorena Hickok?  Article COSDem 

Importance? 9.42860 Average

Husband Franklin Delano Roosevelt Mar 17, 1905-Apr 12, 1945
Daughter Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Dall Boettiger Halsted 1906-1975
Son James Roosevelt 1907-1991
Grandson James Roosevelt, Jr. 1945-
Son Franklin Roosevelt 1909-1909
Son Elliott Roosevelt 1910-1990
Son Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. 1914-1988
Son John Aspinwall Roosevelt 1916-1981
Father Elliott B. Roosevelt 1860-1894
Grandfather Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. 1831-1878
Great-Grandfather Cornelius Roosevelt 1794-1871
Grand Uncle Silas Weir Roosevelt 1823-1870
1st Cousin Once Removed James West Roosevelt 1858-1896
2nd Cousin Nicholas Roosevelt 1893-1982
Grand Uncle Robert B. Roosevelt 1829-1906
Aunt Corinna Roosevelt Robinson 1851-1933
1st Cousin Theodore Douglas Robinson 1883-1934
1st Cousin Corinne R. Alsop 1886-1971
Uncle Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt 1858-1919
1st Cousin Alice Roosevelt Longworth 1884-1980
1st Cousin Theodore Roosevelt III 1887-1944
1st Cousin Kermit Roosevelt 1889-1943
1st Cousin Ethel Carow Roosevelt Derby 1891-1977
1st Cousin Archibald "Archie" Bulloch Roosevelt 1894-1981
1st Cousin Quentin Roosevelt 1897-1918
Brother Gracie Hall Roosevelt 1891-1941
Mother In-Law Sara Delano Roosevelt 1854-1941

Address to the 1940 Democratic Convention - Eleanor Roosevelt  Discuss
Adoption of the Declaration of Human Rights - Eleanor Roosevelt  Discuss
The Struggle for Human Rights - Eleanor Roosevelt  Discuss
  10/10/1962 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  10/10/1955 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  10/10/1949 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  10/10/1947 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-50.00%)
  11/07/1944 US First Lady Won 81.36% (+62.71%)
  11/05/1940 US First Lady Won 84.56% (+69.11%)
  11/03/1936 US First Lady Won 98.49% (+96.99%)
  11/08/1932 US First Lady Won 88.89% (+77.78%)
  11/02/1920 Second Spouse Lost 23.92% (-52.17%)
US President - D Primaries - Jul 01, 1960 D Adlai E. Stevenson II
US President - D Primaries - Jul 01, 1956 D Adlai E. Stevenson II
US President - D Primaries - Jul 01, 1952 D Adlai E. Stevenson II