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  Roosevelt, Alice Hathaway Lee
NameAlice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt
, New York , United States
Born July 29, 1861
DiedFebruary 14, 1884 (22 years)
ContributorThomas Walker
Last ModifedThomas Walker
Oct 11, 2007 11:57am
InfoAlice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt (July 29, 1861 in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts – February 14, 1884 in Manhattan, New York) was the first wife of Theodore Roosevelt and the mother of their only child together, Alice Lee Roosevelt.

Of their first encounter, Theodore would write, "As long as I live, I shall never forget how sweetly she looked, and how prettily she greeted me." For young TR it was "love at first sight." Within a few weeks of their first meeting, Theodore would decide that this woman was to be his wife.

On February 13, 1880, an ecstatic Roosevelt recorded in his diary his great joy that the woman of his dreams, who he had actively courted for more than a year, had finally accepted his proposal of marriage. Knowing that his love was reciprocated and that he could now "hold her in my arms and kiss her and caress her and love her as much as I choose" gave the enraptured young Roosevelt enormous satisfaction. They announced their engagement in February 14, 1880 and after courtship of a few months that might have gotten in the way of Roosevelt's studies at Harvard University, they married on his 22nd birthday, October 27, 1880.

Alice Roosevelt left, with her sisters-in-law, Corrine and Anna (Bamie) RooseveltOn February 14, 1884, aged 22, Alice died of Bright's disease two days after the birth of her daughter, also named Alice. The kidney ailment had not been diagnosed as it was masked by the pregnancy.

Theodore was so distraught by Alice's death that except for a diary entry and some oblique references to her in the months after her passing, he never spoke of her again and refused to have her name mentioned in his presence. So final was this decision to try to put Alice's loss out of his life, that she is not even mentioned by name in his autobiography. According to a number of historians, Roosevelt's willingness to leave behind or suppress his experiences with his first wife were a source of deep resentment by his daughter Alice Roosevelt Longworth. She was unable to get him to talk about her mother in any meaningful way. Her rebellious life finds some explanation in this sad aspect of her relationship with her father.

In the immediate aftermath of his wife's death, Theodore turned the care of their newly born infant daughter, Alice, to his elder sister Anna, also known as Bamie, and embarked on a journey of personal discovery to his ranch in the Badlands of North Dakota where Roosevelt would emerge a renewed man and would go on to the Presidency of the United States in 1901. Alice Roosevelt was later described by her successor, Edith Carow Roosevelt as "an insipid, child-like fool," in rages with her step-daughter, Alice Roosevelt Longworth.



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Husband Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt Oct 27, 1880-Feb 14, 1884
Daughter Alice Roosevelt Longworth 1884-1980
Granddaughter Paulina Longworth 1925-1957
Father In-Law Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. 1831-1878
Stepson Theodore Roosevelt III 1887-1944
Stepson Kermit Roosevelt 1889-1943
Stepdaughter Ethel Carow Roosevelt Derby 1891-1977
Stepson Archibald "Archie" Bulloch Roosevelt 1894-1981
Stepson Quentin Roosevelt 1897-1918