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  Bowes-Lyon (Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother), Elizabeth Angela Marguerite
NameElizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother)
, , United Kingdom
Born August 04, 1900
DiedMarch 30, 2002 (101 years)
Last ModifedRBH
Oct 10, 2007 09:07pm
InfoElizabeth Bowes-Lyon, later Queen Elizabeth (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite; 4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002), was the Queen Consort of King George VI of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 1936 until his death in 1952. After her husband's death, she was known as Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother, to avoid confusion with her daughter, Elizabeth II. Before her husband ascended the throne, from 1923 to 1936 she was known as the Duchess of York. She was the last Queen of Ireland and Empress of India.

Born into a family of Scottish nobility (her father inherited the Earldom of Strathmore and Kinghorne in 1904), she came to prominence in 1923 when she married Albert, Duke of York, the second son of George V and Queen Mary. As Duchess of York, she – along with her husband and their two daughters Elizabeth and Margaret – embodied traditional ideas of family and public service.[1] She undertook a variety of public engagements, and became known as the "Smiling Duchess" because of her consistent public expression.[2]

In 1936, her husband unexpectedly became King when her brother-in-law, Edward VIII, abdicated in order to marry his mistress, the American divorcée Wallis Simpson. As Queen Consort, Elizabeth accompanied her husband on diplomatic tours to France and North America in the run-up to World War II. During the war, her seemingly indomitable spirit provided moral support to the British public, and in recognition of her role as a propaganda tool, Adolf Hitler described her as "the most dangerous woman in Europe".[3] After the war, her husband's health deteriorated and she was widowed at the age of 51.

With her brother-in-law living abroad and her elder daughter now Queen at the age of 26, when Queen Mary died in 1953 Elizabeth became the senior royal and assumed a position as family matriarch. In her later years, she was a consistently popular member of the Royal Family, when other members were suffering from low levels of public approval.

Only after the illness and death of her own younger daughter, Princess Margaret, did she appear to grow frail. She died six weeks after Margaret, at the age of 101. During the year of her death in 2002, she was ranked 61st in the 100 Greatest Britons poll.


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Husband Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor (George VI) Apr 26, 1923-Feb 06, 1952
Daughter Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor (Elizabeth II) 1926-
Grandson Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor 1948-
Granddaughter Anne Mountbatten-Windsor 1950-
Daughter Margaret Rose Windsor 1930-2002
Father In-Law George Frederick Ernest Albert Windsor (George V) 1865-1936
Mother In-Law Mary (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes) Windsor (Queen Mary) 1867-1953

  12/11/1936 Queen of the United Kingdom Won 100.00% (+100.00%)