Home About Chat Users Issues Party Candidates Polling Firms Media News Polls Calendar Key Races United States President Senate House Governors International

New User Account
"A comprehensive, collaborative elections resource." 
Email: Password:

  Jackson, Jesse L.
<-  1995-01-01  
NameJesse L. Jackson
Chicago, Illinois , United States
Born October 08, 1941 (81 years)
Last ModifedDavid
Oct 08, 2020 08:23am
Tags Black - Married - Freemason - Baptist - Straight -
InfoBorn: Jesse Louis Burns

Adopted and renamed: Jesse Louis Jackson

The Reverend Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr., Founder and President of the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition, is one of America’s foremost civil rights, religious and political figures. Over the past forty years he has played a pivotal role in virtually every movement for empowerment, peace, civil rights, gender equality, and economic and social justice.

Reverend Jackson has been called the "Conscience of the Nation" and "the Great Unifier," challenging America to be inclusive and to establish just and human priorities for the benefit of all. He is known for bringing people together in common ground across lines of race, culture, class, gender and belief.

Born on October 8, 1941, in Greenville, South Carolina, Jesse Jackson graduated from the public schools in Greenville, then enrolled in the University of Illinois on a football scholarship. He later transferred to North Carolina A&T State University, and graduated in 1964. He began his theological studies at the Chicago Theological Seminary, but deferred his studies when he began working full-time in the Civil Rights Movement. Reverend Jackson received his earned Master of Divinity Degree in 2000.

Reverend Jesse Jackson began his activism as a student in the summer of 1960 seeking to desegregate the local public library in Greenville, and then as a leader in the sit-in movement. In 1965 he became a full-time organizer for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). He was soon appointed by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. to direct SCLC’s Operation Breadbasket program. In December of 1971, Reverend Jackson founded Operation PUSH (People United to Serve Humanity) in Chicago, IL. The goals of Operation PUSH were economic empowerment and expanding educational, business and employment opportunities for the disadvantaged and people of color. In 1984, Reverend Jackson founded the National Rainbow Coalition, a national social justice organization, based in Washington, D.C, devoted to political empowerment, education and changing public policy. In September of 1996, the Rainbow Coalition and Operation PUSH merged in the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition to continue the work of both approaches and to maximize resources. Long before national health care, a war on drugs, direct peace negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis, ending apartheid in South Africa and advancing democracy in Haiti became accepted public policy positions, Reverend Jesse Jackson advocated them. Reverend Jackson’s advocacy on these and other issues helped bring the American public to a new level of consciousness. Reverend Jackson’s two presidential campaigns broke new ground in U.S. politics. His 1984 campaign registered over one million new voters, won 3.5 million votes, and helped the Democratic Party regain control of the Senate in 1986. His 1988, campaign registered over two million new voters, won seven million votes, and helped boost hundreds of state and local elected officials into office. Additionally, this civil rights leader won an historic victory, coming in first or second in 46 out of 54 primary contests. His clear progressive agenda and his ability to build an unprecedented coalition inspired millions to join the political process.

Though Reverend Jesse Jackson has not run for national political office since 1988, he has continued to promote voter registration and lead get-out-the-vote campaigns, believing that everyone should be encouraged to be a responsible, informed and active voter. He has spearheaded major organizing tours through Appalachia, Mississippi, California and Georgia. He has continued to be a leading advocate for a variety of public policy issues, including universal health care, equal administration of justice in all communities, sufficient funding for enforcement of civil rights laws, and for increased attention to business investment in under-served domestic communities (a theme that the Clinton administration picked up as the "New Markets Initiative"). Reverend Jackson also supports a broad range of policies to improve education, eliminate poverty, and remind everyone that we are a "One-Big-Tent-America," with room for all, and none left in the margins. As a highly respected and trusted world leader, Reverend Jackson has acted many times as an international diplomat in sensitive situations. For example, in 1984 Reverend Jackson secured the release of captured Navy Lieutenant Robert Goodman from Syria, and the release of 48 Cuban and Cuban-American prisoners in Cuba. He was the first American to bring hostages out of Kuwait and Iraq in 1990. In 1999 Reverend Jackson negotiated the release of U.S. soldiers held hostage in Kosovo. He has traveled extensively in the Middle East and Asia, and was a special guest of President Fernando Cardoso of Brazil in honoring Zumbi, the leader of slave revolts that led to the end of slavery in Brazil.

A hallmark of Reverend Jackson’s work has been his commitment to youth. He has visited thousands of high schools, colleges, universities and correctional facilities encouraging excellence, inspiring hope and challenging young people to study diligently and stay drug-free.

Reverend Jackson has also been a consistent and vigorous supporter of the labor movement in the U.S. and around the world. Reverend Jackson is known as someone who has walked more picket lines and spoken at more labor rallies than any other national leader. He has worked with unions to organize workers, to protect workers’ rights, and to mediate labor disputes. In 1996, he traveled to Asia to investigate treatment of workers in the Japanese automobile industry and in athletic apparel factories in Indonesia.

A renowned orator and activist, Reverend Jackson has received numerous honors for his work in human and civil rights and for nonviolent social change. In 1991, the U.S. Post Office put his likeness on a pictorial postal cancellation, only the second living person to receive such an honor. He has been on the Gallup List of the Ten Most Respected Americans for more than a dozen years. He has received the prestigious NAACP Spingarn Award, in addition to honors from hundreds of grassroots, civic and community organizations from coast to coast. Reverend Jackson has received more than 40 honorary doctorate degrees, and frequently lectures at major colleges and universities including Howard, Yale, Princeton, Morehouse, Harvard, Columbia, Stanford and Hampton. The most prestigious honor yet came on August 9, 2000, when President Bill Clinton awarded Reverend Jackson and other distinguished notables the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor. The Presidential Medal typifies a life of service and a concern for the least fortunate.

From 1992 to 2000, Reverend Jackson hosted "Both Sides With Jesse Jackson" on CNN (Cable News Network). He continues to write a weekly column of analysis which is syndicated by the Chicago Tribune/Los Angles Times. He is the author of two books: Keep Hope Alive (South End Press, 1989), and Straight From the Heart (Fortress Press, 1987). In 1996, Reverend Jackson co-authored the books Legal Lynching: Racism, Injustice, and the Death Penalty (Marlowe & Company, 1996) and It’s About The Money (Random House, 1999) with his son, U.S. Representative Jesse L. Jackson, Jr.

In October 1997, Reverend Jackson was appointed by President Bill Clinton and Secretary of State Madeleine Albright as "Special Envoy of the President and Secretary of State for the Promotion of Democracy in Africa." In this official position Reverend Jackson traveled to several countries on the African continent and met with such national leaders as, President Nelson Mandela of the Republic of South Africa, His Excellency Daniel T. Arap Moi of Kenya, and President Frederick J.T. Chiluba of Zambia.

Reverend Jackson married his college sweetheart Jacqueline Lavinia Brown in 1963. They have five children: Santita Jackson, Congressman Jesse L. Jackson, Jr., Jonathan Luther Jackson, Yusef DuBois Jackson, Esq., and Jacqueline Lavinia Jackson, Jr.



Title Purchase Contributor
Keep Hope Alive: Jesse Jackson's 1988 Presidential Campaign  Purchase Craverguy 
Jesse: The Life and Pilgrimage of Jesse Jackson  Purchase Craverguy 

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Jan 18, 2012 08:15am Statement Jesse Jackson jabs Newt Gingrich on food stamps  Article Craverguy 
Dec 11, 2008 12:00pm Blog Entry Report: Jackson’s father lawyers up   Article ArmyDem 
Oct 15, 2008 09:00am Commentary Say Goodnight, Jesse   Article Brandonius Maximus 
Oct 14, 2008 09:00pm News AJC Strongly Condemns Rev. Jesse Jackson's Comment on American Jews  Article The Sunset Provision 
Jul 09, 2008 04:30pm Statement Jackson apologizes for 'crude' Obama remarks  Article RP 
Nov 21, 2007 01:50am News Jesse Jackson to go on democracy mission to Pakistan  Article The Sunset Provision 

[View All
Previous Messages]
Importance? 7.50000 Average

Son Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. 1965-
Son Jonathan Jackson 1966-

1984 Democratic National Convention - Rev.Jesse Jackson  Discuss
1988 Democratic National Convention - Rev. Jesse Jackson  Discuss
1996 Democratic National Convention - Rev. Jesse Jackson  Discuss
Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient Rev. Jesse Jackson  Discuss
  11/06/1990 DC Shadow Senator Won 46.80% (+20.90%)
  09/11/1990 DC Shadow Senator - D Primary Won 57.03% (+40.11%)
  07/21/1988 US President - D Convention Lost 29.70% (-40.39%)
  07/21/1988 US Vice President - D Convention Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  07/01/1988 US President - D Primaries Lost 29.12% (-13.34%)
  07/01/1988 US President - R Primaries Lost 0.00% (-67.90%)
  07/19/1984 US President - D Convention Lost 12.00% (-44.41%)
  07/01/1984 US President - D Primaries Lost 18.09% (-20.23%)
  07/01/1984 US President - R Primaries Lost 0.01% (-98.77%)
  08/23/1980 NY US President - RTL Convention Lost 1.36% (-65.97%)
  07/25/1980 US Vice President - NUP Selection Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  11/06/1984 SC US Senate Lost 0.00% (-66.79%)
FL District 10 - D Primary - Aug 23, 2022 D Maxwell Alejandro Frost
MI District 13 - D Primary - Aug 02, 2022 D John Conyers III
IL District 01 - D Primary - Jun 28, 2022 D Jonathan Jackson
IL US President - D Primary - Mar 17, 2020 I Bernie Sanders
DNC Party Chair - Feb 25, 2017 D Keith M. Ellison
IL US Senate - D Primary - Mar 15, 2016 D Andrea Zopp
Chicago Mayor - Runoff - Apr 07, 2015 D Jesús G. "Chuy" García
Civil Marriage Protection Act - Nov 06, 2012 YES Yes
IL State House 026- D Primary - Mar 20, 2012 D Kenny Johnson
Chicago Mayor - Feb 22, 2011 D Carol Moseley Braun
MI Governor - D Primary - Aug 03, 2010 D Virg Bernero
IL Lt. Governor - D Replacement Nominee - Mar 27, 2010 D Arthur L. Turner
Detroit Mayor - Special Election - Runoff - May 05, 2009 D Dave Bing
US President - D Primaries - Jun 03, 2008 D Barack Obama
Cook County Sheriff - Nov 07, 2006 R Peter Garza
MN District 05 - DFL Primary - Sep 12, 2006 D Keith M. Ellison
FL US Senate - D Primary - Aug 31, 2004 D Peter R. Deutsch
IL US Senate - D Primary - Mar 16, 2004 D Barack Obama
Newark Mayor - May 14, 2002 D Sharpe James
IL District 1 - D Primary - Mar 21, 2000 D Bobby Rush
IL US President - D Primary - Mar 21, 2000 D Al Gore
US President - D Primaries - Jul 01, 2000 D Al Gore
IL Governor - D Primary - Mar 17, 1998 D Roland Burris
Chicago Mayor - Apr 04, 1995 D Roland Burris
Mayor of Rochester- D Primary - Sep 12, 1989 D John G. Erb
Chicago Mayor - Apr 04, 1989 D Timothy Evans
Chicago Mayor - D Primary - Feb 28, 1989 D Eugene Sawyer
NJ District 10 - D Primary - Jun 03, 1986 D Donald M. Payne
Syracuse NY Mayor - D Primary - Sep 10, 1985 D Joseph A. Nicoletti
NY District 20 - D Primary - Sep 11, 1984 D Bennie O. Batts
NY District 6 - D Primary - Sep 11, 1984 D Simeon Golar
AR District 2 - D Primary - May 29, 1984 D Thedford L. Collins
Chicago Mayor - D Primary - Feb 22, 1983 D Harold Washington
Memphis Mayor Runoff - Nov 30, 1982 D J.O. Patterson, Jr.
MS District 4 - Nov 04, 1980 D Leslie Burl McLemore
PA Governor - Nov 07, 1978 R Richard L. "Dick" Thornburgh
IL US Senate - Nov 07, 1978 R Charles H. Percy
GA District 5 - Special Election - Apr 05, 1977 D John R. Lewis
IL US Senate - Nov 07, 1972 R Charles H. Percy
IL Governor - Nov 07, 1972 R Richard B. Ogilvie
IL US President - D Primary - Mar 21, 1972 D Shirley A. Chisholm
US President - D Primaries - Jun 06, 1972 D Shirley A. Chisholm