Overview of the Republican Party in the Hayes Administration
President Hayes's term began with several moderate measures that were popular among the electorate but not welcomed by congressional partisans. He chose his cabinet not to satisfy the Senate but on the basis of ability. When Blaine and other Republicans slowed the process of confirmations, newspapers urged them to stop trying to regulate the new President. Blaine and his friends recognized that Hayes would be a much stronger president than Grant. Hayes also resolved the Southern situation. He met with the competing governors from South Carolina and won an agreement from Wade Hampton (the Democratic contender) to protect the rights of blacks. Within two months, all federal troops had been withdrawn from the South, bringing Reconstruction to an end and increasing Hayes's stock among moderates in all sections of the Union.
As it turned out, Hayes's attempt to create a viable two-party system in the South failed by 1879. At first, former Southern Whigs appeared willing to affiliate with the Republicans. When Klan activity and a Democratic controlled canvassing board overturned a 1,500 Republican majority in Marshall, Texas and installed the Democratic candidates anyway, Hayes recognized that the South might not uphold its part of the bargain in holding free and fair elections. Congress passed legislation for troops to observe Southern elections with riders, and Hayes was widely acclaimed for vetoing