Greenback Party during the first Cleveland Administration
The Greenback Party was in decline throughout the entire Cleveland administration. In the election of 1884, the party failed to win any U.S. House seats outright, although they did win one seat in conjunction with Plains States Democrats (James B. Weaver IA) and a handful of other seats by endorsing the Democratic nominee. In the election of 1886, only two dozen Greenback candidates ran for the House, apart from another six who ran on fusion tickets. Again, Weaver was the party's only victory.
Calling a National Convention
In early 1888, it was not clear if the Greenback Party would hold another national convention. Moses W. Field, the Michigan Greenback chairman, was anxious to get the state ticket in the field and announced the state convention would meet on 5/10/1888. The date selected was the same as the Democratic state ticket, and it was clear that the state chairman intended to effect a fusion. The chairman of the Greenback national committee, E.H. Gillette IA, opposed any further fusion of the Party with other parties. [NYT 3/25/1888]
Much of the Greenback news in early 1888 took place in Michigan, where the party remained active. Anti-fusion Greenbackers, called the "Simon Pure" faction, complained that no call for a state convention should have been issued until the call for a national convention, in order that the state convention would select delegates. [NYT 3/31/1888]