Recap of the electoral vote
Congress met in joint session on 2/11/1801 to count the certificates of vote from the 16 states. VP Thomas Jefferson presided. When all states had been counted, the result was a tie for first place (73 votes each) between Jefferson and Aaron Burr, his running mate on the Democratic Republican ticket. President John Adams placed third with 65 votes, and his running mate Charles C. Pinckney received 64 votes.
Note: The certificate of vote from Georgia was slightly deficient, but it was not challenged.
The Contingent Election
Once VP Jefferson stated that the Presidential Electors had not made a choice, the members of the U.S. House began to ballot. Using the rules in the Constitution, each state received one vote and could vote for Jefferson or Burr. To win, a candidate needed nine of the sixteen votes. Speaker Theodore Sedgwick presided. Individual names of Representatives from each state were called to determine who won the vote of each state; no tellers were appointed.
On the first ballot, Jefferson won eight states: GA, KY, NJ, NY, NC, PA, TN, and VA. He was one vote shy of a majority. Burr won six votes: CT, DE, MA, NH, RI, and SC. Two states were tied and thus were not able to cast a vote: MD and VT. All together, 55 Representatives voted for Jefferson and 48 for Burr. Although most of the Federalists in the House voted for Burr, many of them supported Jefferson. At the time, this lame duck session o