|Last Edited||TX DEM - October 27, 2011 04:32pm|
|Description||The America First Party had its roots in the America First Committee, founded in September, 1940. The party, founded in approximately 1942 or 1943, lived on through World War II and several years thereafter. The America First Committee had accused President Franklin Delano Roosevelt of conspiring to get the United States into WWII on the side of the Soviet Union. However, after the attack on Pearl Harbor, famous aviator Charles Lindbergh and many other members of America First quickly abandoned any disent and enlisted in the military. |
Despite the dissolution of the America First Committee, some members suspected that Roosevelt had intentionally created a diplomatic crisis with Japan in order to provoke at attack and generate support for entering the war. They vowed to fight on with their opposition to involvement in WWII, and founded the America First Party. Its leader, Gerald L.K. Smith, was the party's presidential candidate in the 1944 U.S. Presidential Election. The results were less than encouraging for its members; Smith received 1,780 votes, mostly from the states of Texas and Michigan.
The second America First Party was formed in 2002 by supporters of Pat Buchanan who had left the Reform Party. It's national organization collapsed after a takeover attempt by 1992 Populist Party presidential candidate Col. Bo Gritz.