|Last Edited||Sesel - April 16, 2013 10:22pm|
|Description||Golden Dawn (Greek: Χρυσή Αυγή, Chrysi Avyi) is a Greek nationalist far right-wing political organization led by Nikolaos Michaloliakos in Greece. |
Chrysi Avyi is also the name of a newspaper and a magazine published by the organization.
Golden Dawn ceased political operations in 2005, and it was absorbed by the Patriotic Alliance, which ceased operations after Michaloliakos withdrew support. In March 2007, Golden Dawn held its sixth congress, where Party officials announced the resumption of their political activism. At local elections on November 7, 2010 Golden Dawn got 5.3% of the vote in the municipality of Athens, winning a seat at the City Council. In some neighbourhoods with big immigrant communities it even reached 20%.
Golden Dawn described itself as a "People's Nationalist Movement" and "uncompromising Nationalists." Michaloliakos described Golden Dawn as opposing the "so-called Enlightenment" and the Industrial Revolution. According to the Party's charter, "only Aryans in blood and Greeks in descent can be candidate members of Golden Dawn". The charter also puts the leader in total control of the party, and formalizes the use of the Hitlergruss for party members. At first, the party embraced neo-Pagan beliefs, believing them to be intermingled with National Socialism in accordance to Nazi occultism, describing Marxism and liberalism as "the ideological carriers of Judeo-Christianity." Later, however, the party underwent ideological changes, embracing Eastern Orthodox Christianity.