|Last Edited||RBH - April 28, 2011 01:49am|
|Description||The Peace and Freedom Party is a ballot-listed minor party in California. It first appeared in 1966 when three people ran for the U.S. House under the PFP label: two in Washington State and one in New York State. |
The party was officially organized on 6/23/1967 by social activists in the farm worker, civil rights, and anti-Vietnam movements. In the beginning, the PFP intended to be a nationwide party. It held a national convention in Ann Arbor MI on 8/17-18-1968. Eldridge Cleaver was nominated for President over Richard C. "Dick" Gregory by a margin of 161.5 to 54. However, Gregory formed a competing Freedom and Peace party and ran separately.
In the election of 1968, the PFP ran a number of candidates nationwide. Its national tickets fared rather poorly. Gregory garnered 47,097 votes compared to 36,623 for Cleaver. PFP candidates for the U.S. Senate garnered an aggregate nationwide total of 105,411 votes. The PFP gained ballot access in California, which it retained except for the brief period 2002-2003.
The national PFP eroded quickly after the 1968 election. In 1972, a new "People's Party" was organized with the PFP as the California state affiliate. The PFP endorsed the People's nominees in 1972 (Benjamin Spock) and 1976 (Margaret Wright).
After the demise of the People's Party of 1972-1976, the PFP was sustained in California. It usually runs its own nominees for President, although in 1984 it endorsed the Citizen's Party candidate, Sonia Johnson.