|Last Edited||RBH - June 30, 2012 06:37pm|
|Description||The Liberty Party had two separate existences. Its first incarnation (1839--1856) was a party dedicated to the immediate emancipation of slaves. This party ran James G. Birney, a former slaveowner, for President in 1840 and 1844. The bulk of the party joined the Free Soil Party in 1848. However, the Party continued to exist in NY, where Gerrit Smith ran for President in 1848 and the last local candidates ran. William Goodell was the presidential nominee in 1852 and received a few votes in NY. This marked the end of the party. Gerrit Smith received some votes for president in 1856 and 1860 but used other names for his ticket. |
The second Liberty Party was formed in 1930. The party's nominees did well primarily in locations where voters were reluctant to vote Democratic; one candidate in UT received 13% of the vote that year. However, in 1932, the presidential nominee and state affiliates fared poorly. Their best showings were on the west coast, so the party ceased to exist after 1932.
In recent years, the party name has returned as a 3rd party in Massachusetts. It's called the Liberty Party but is also known as the Boston Tea Party of Massachusetts. It's philosophy is libertarian. It's a offshoot of the Libertarian Party of Massachusetts. It's most famous for being affiliated with Independent candidate Joe Kennedy in the 2010 special senatorial election. Kennedy got about 0.99% of the vote. The party's best showing was from Jonathan A. Loya in 2010 who received 28% of the vote against only an incumbent Democrat for the Eight Middlesex seat in the Massachusetts State House.