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State Government
  Governor  Robert Bentley 2 14 +27.32%
  Lieutenant Governor  Kay Ivey 2 14 +26.57%
  Attorney General  Luther Strange 2 14 +16.97%
  Secretary of State  John H. Merrill 1 14 +28.65%
  State Treasurer  Young Boozer, III 2 14 +96.02%
  Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries  John M. McMillan, Jr. 2 14 +29.42%
  State Auditor  Jim W. Zeigler 1 14 +25.95%
  AL State House  Republican Party Control 0 14 +37.14%
  AL State Senate  Republican Party Control 1 14 +51.43%
 Public Service Commission 
 State Board of Education 
State Judiciary
 State Courts 
  President  Mitt Romney 0 12 +22.19%
  Senate Class II  Jeff Sessions 4 14 +94.50%
  Senate Class III  Richard C. "Dick" Shelby 5 10 +30.47%
House of Representatives
  AL - District 01  Bradley Byrne 1 14 +36.44%
  AL - District 02  Martha Roby 3 14 +34.78%
  AL - District 03  Mike D. Rogers 7 14 +32.40%
  AL - District 04  Robert Aderholt 10 14 +97.15%
  AL - District 05  Morris J. "Mo" Brooks 3 14 +49.26%
  AL - District 06  Gary Palmer 1 14 +52.48%
  AL - District 07  Terri Sewell 3 14 +96.74%
County List
Party Leadership
 State Democratic Party Chair 
 State Republican Party Chair 
 Constitutional Amendments 


Florida, United States  
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Tennessee, United States  

Parents > United States  
Established December 14, 1819
Disbanded Still Active
ContributorWishful Thinking
Last ModifiedRP October 10, 2014 08:46pm
State Amphibian State Bird State Butterfly State Saltwater Fish State Freshwater Fish
Red Hills Salamander Yellowhammer Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Fighting Tarpon Largemouth Bass
State Flag State Flower State Fossil State Gem State Game Bird
St. Andrew's Cross Camellia Japonica Basilosaurus Cetoides Star Blue Quartz Wild Turkey
State Mineral State Motto State Dance State Nickname State Quarter
"Audemus jura nostra defendere"
Hematite We Dare Defend Our Rights Folk Dance ”Heart of Dixie” Alabama State Quarter

The State of Alabama
"We Dare Defend Our Rights"

With its seat in Montgomery, Alabama became the 22nd State of the Union on December 14, 1819.
Before becoming a state, Alabama became part of the Mississippi Territory in 1798. A couple decades
later the Alabama Territory was created in 1817.

When Civil War broke, Montgomery became the first capital of the breakaway Confederate States of America.
The end of the Civil War brought widespread hunger, poverty, and displacement to white & black Alabamians.
Alabama came under military rule and General W. Swayne served virtually as military governor of Alabama
in 1867. In 1868 Alabama voters, including black men voting for the first time, ratified a new Constitution that
placed more emphasis on education and women's rights. Military rule ended in Alabama and Republicans
gained control of the governor's office and the legislature.

Reconstruction brought improvements in education, especially for African Americans. Emphasis was also
placed on internal improvements to roads and railroads, though there were allegations of fraud and misuse
of state funds on these projects. Many white Alabamians fought Reconstruction through the political process
and also through the emergence of organized resistance groups. The Ku Klux Klan was the most well known.
Others were the Pale Faces and the Knights of the White Camellia. Republican Reconstruction ended in
Alabama in 1874 when Democrats re-gained control of the legislature & governor's office and, in the next year, rewrote the state constitution.

Post-Reconstruction Alabama remained racially segregated until the 1960s Civil Rights Movement, which
begun in the state upon the election of Governor George Wallace who vowed, "Segregation now, segregation
tomorrow, segregation forever."

Preamble of the state of Alabama (1901)
We the people of the State of Alabama, invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and
establish the following Constitution.
PVIR+26.35 ( D-12.70 R+13.33 I+0.88 N+0.12 LBT-0.99 G-0.36 CST-0.09 PFP-0.05 J-0.03 A'sP-0.03 IR-0.02 )


AL CDs 2013-2023 Jan 3, 2013-Jan 3, 2023

Largest Population Counties [More]  
# County Population As Of
1 Jefferson 665,027 2009-07-01
2 Mobile 411,721 2009-07-01
3 Madison 327,744 2009-07-01
4 Montgomery 224,119 2009-07-01
5 Shelby 192,503 2009-07-01
6 Tuscaloosa 184,035 2009-07-01
7 Baldwin 179,878 2009-07-01
8 Lee 135,883 2009-07-01
9 Morgan 117,293 2009-07-01
10 Calhoun 114,081 2009-07-01
Largest Population Cities [More]  
# City County Population As Of
1 Birmingham Jefferson 228,798 2008-07-01
2 Montgomery Montgomery 202,696 2008-07-01
3 Mobile Mobile 191,022 2008-07-01
4 Huntsville Madison 176,645 2008-07-01
5 Tuscaloosa Tuscaloosa 90,221 2008-07-01
6 Hoover Jefferson 71,020 2008-07-01
7 Dothan Houston 66,505 2008-07-01
8 Auburn Lee 56,088 2008-07-01
9 Decatur Morgan 56,068 2008-07-01
10 Madison Madison 38,714 2008-07-01

Alabama Democratic Party  Discuss
Alabama Green Party  Discuss
Alabama Patriot Party  Discuss
Alabama Republican Party  Discuss
Constitution Party of Alabama  Discuss
Libertarian Party of Alabama  Discuss
State of Alabama  Discuss
State of Alabama Legislature  Discuss
State of Alabama Secretary of State  Discuss
State of Alabama Supreme Court  Discuss
Wet and Dry Counties in Alabama  Discuss


Demographic Amount % As Of Contributor
Population 4,779,736 100.00% Apr 01, 2010 RP

Category Name
Newspaper Birmingham Business Journal 
Newspaper The Age (Melbourne, Australia) 

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor
Jan 01, 1900 07:00am Jan 01, 1900 07:00pm General Election AL Poll Open and Close Times Set  RP 
Jul 13, 2010 07:00am Jul 13, 2010 07:00pm Primary Election AL Primary Run-Off  RP 
Mar 13, 2012 09:00pm Mar 13, 2012 09:00pm Primary Election AL Primary  Picimpalious 

Title Purchase Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Mar 25, 2015 11:40pm Legal Ruling Supreme Court rules against Alabama redistricting plan  Article RP 
Oct 27, 2012 09:00am News Ala. Constitution: Vote Looms on Amending History  Article The Sunset Provision 
Jun 25, 2012 05:30pm Commentary In Alabama Prisons, The Less Sheriffs Spend On Food For Inmates, The More They Earn  Article RP 
Nov 23, 2011 04:00pm General Alabama Considers Revision of Immigration Law Ensnaring Mercedes Executive  Article RP 
Aug 04, 2011 01:00pm Analysis Alabama: 36 percent on food stamps  Article Homegrown Democrat 
Jun 09, 2011 11:00pm News Democrats say Alabama Republicans looking to switch parties  Article RBH 

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