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  U.S. Senate
INCUMBENT
  PartyRepublican
Name Republican Party Control
Won11/04/2014
Votes54 (54.00%)
Margin8 (+8.00%)
Term01/03/2015 - 01/03/2017
Leadership
  President Pro Tempore  Orrin G. Hatch 1 15 +8.00%
  Majority Leader  Mitch McConnell 1 14 +100.00%
 Assistant Majority Leader 
  Minority Leader  Harry Reid 2 14 +100.00%
 Assistant Minority Leader 
Caucus Leadership
 Republican Conference Chair 
 Republican Policy Committee Chairman 
 Republican Conference Vice Chairman 
 Democratic Conference Vice Chairman 
 Democratic Conference Secretary 
 Democratic Policy Committee Chairman      
Political Organizations
 Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) 
 National Republican Senatorial Committee (NRSC) 
Subordinate Organizations
 U.S. Senate Committees 
Subordinates
 Secretary of the Senate 
 Sergeant at Arms 


Institutions DETAILS
Parents > United States  
Website[Link]
Established April 06, 1789
Disbanded Still Active
ContributorRP
Last ModifiedAndy March 01, 2013 04:37pm
DescriptionBackground
The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the
other being the House of Representatives. In the Senate, each state is equally represented
by two members; as a result, the total membership of the body is currently 100. Senators
serve for six-year terms that are staggered so elections are held for approximately one-third
of the seats (a "class") every second year.

The Vice President of the U.S. is the President of the Senate and serves as its presiding
officer, but is not a Senator and does not vote except to break ties. The Vice President rarely
acts as President of the Senate unless casting a tie-breaking vote or during ceremonial
occasions, so the duty of presiding usually falls to the President Pro Tempore, customarily
the most senior senator of the majority party. Most often, the President Pro Tempore will
designate a member from his or her party to serve as presiding officer for the day.

Qualifications
Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution sets forth three qualifications for senators: each senator
must be at least 30 years old, must have been a citizen of the United States for at least the
past nine years, and must be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the state he or she
seeks to represent.

Officers
Each party elects a senator to serve as floor leader, a position which entails acting as the
party's chief spokesperson. The Senate Majority Leader is, furthermore, responsible for
controlling the agenda of the Senate; for example, he schedules debates and votes. Each
party also elects a whip to assist the leader. A whip works to ensure that his party's senators
vote as the party leadership desires.

The Senate is also served by several officials who are not members. The Senate's chief
administrative officer is the Secretary of the Senate, who maintains public records, disburses
salaries, monitors the acquisition of office supplies, and oversees clerks. The Secretary is
aided in his work by the Assistant Secretary of the Senate. Another official is the Sergeant-at-
Arms, who, as the Senate's chief law enforcement officer, maintains order and security on
the Senate premises.

Current Ranking of Senate Leadership
Democrats
1st - Majority Leader
2nd - Assistant Majority Leader
3rd - Democratic Conference Vice Chair
4th - Democratic Conference Secretary
5th - DSCC Chairman
6th - Democratic Policy Committee Chairman

Republicans
1st - Minority Leader
2nd - Assistant Minority Leader
3rd - Republican Conference Chair
4th - Republican Policy Committee Chairman
5th - Republican Conference Vice Chair

HISTORY

Click For More History Details

RACES
Polls Close Description Takes Office

INFORMATION LINKS
Senate Chamber Map, 111th Congress, 2nd Session  Discuss
Seniority in the United States Senate  Discuss
Standing Rules of the United States Senate  Discuss

PARTY REGISTRATION

DEMOGRAPHIC

MEDIA

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
Advise and Consent  Purchase Scott³ 

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Jul 16, 2013 08:00am News Reid signals deal on filibuster  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Jul 12, 2013 07:00am Perspective Do Women Make Better Senators Than Men?  Article Scott³ 
Jul 11, 2013 12:00pm News Reid prepares Senate to go ‘nuclear,’ end nomination filibusters  Article kal 
Jun 19, 2013 07:00am News Nuclear option uniting Republicans  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Nov 29, 2012 05:00pm News Supermajority Within Reach for Senate Democrats  Article John 
Nov 13, 2012 11:35pm News New Senate breed: Outwardly liberal, proud of it   Article COSDem 

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