Home About Chat Users Issues Party Candidates Polling Firms Media News Polls Calendar Key Races United States President Senate House Governors International

New User Account
"A collaborative political resource." 
Email: Password:

  Fulbright, J. William
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
 
NameJ. William Fulbright
Address
, Arkansas , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born April 09, 1905
Died February 09, 1995 (89 years)
ContributorRP
Last ModifiedCraverguy
Nov 25, 2010 03:46am
Tags
InfoJ. William Fulbright was born on April 9, 1905 in Sumner, Missouri. He was educated at the University of Arkansas where he was awarded the B.A. degree in Political Science in 1925. He then attended Oxford University where he received an M.A. degree and was transformed by his international experience.

When Fulbright returned to the United States, he studied law at George Washington University in Washington, DC. During the 1930's, he served in the Justice Department and was an instructor at the George Washington University Law School. In 1936, he returned to Arkansas where he was a lecturer in law and, from 1939 to 1941, president of the University of Arkansas, at the time the youngest university president in the country.

He ran for political office in 1942 and was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives; he entered Congress in January 1943 and was appointed to the Foreign Affairs Committee. In September of that year, the House adopted the Fulbright Resolution supporting an international peace-keeping mechanism encouraging United States participation in what became the United Nations, and this brought national attention to Congressman Fulbright.

In November 1944, he was elected to the U.S. Senate and served there from 1945 through 1974, becoming one of the most influential and best-known members of the Senate. In 1949, Senator Fulbright became a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. From 1959-1974 he served as chairman of the committee.

His Senate career was marked by notable instances of principled dissent. In 1954, he was the only Senator to vote against an appropriation for the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, which was chaired by Senator Joseph R. McCarthy; and, in 1961, he lodged serious objections to President Kennedy in advance of the Bay of Pigs invasion. But, Senator Fulbright also worked to build national consensus, for instance, he supported creating a national center for the arts, and his initial legislation led to the founding of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.

He was particularly in the spotlight as a powerful voice in the turbulent Vietnam War era, when he chaired the Senate hearings on United States policy and the conduct of the war. In 1963 Walter Lippman wrote of Fulbright: "The role he plays in Washington is an indispensable role. There is no one else who is so powerful and also so wise, and if there were any question of removing him from public life, it would be a national calamity."

After serving five consecutive terms in the U.S. Senate, Senator Fulbright was defeated in Arkansas’ 1974 Democratic primary. He then served as counsel to the Washington law firm of Hogan & Hartson and remained active in support of the Fulbright Program. He received numerous awards from governments, universities, and educational organizations around the world for his efforts on behalf of education and international understanding. In 1993 he was presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Clinton.

Senator Fulbright was married to Elizabeth Williams Fulbright for more than fifty years, from 1932 until her death in 1985. They had two daughters, Roberta Fulbright Foote and Elizabeth Fulbright Winnacker. Senator Fulbright married Harriet Mayor in 1990.

On February 9, 1995, Senator J. William Fulbright died in Washington, DC at the age of 89.

[Link]

JOB APPROVAL POLLS

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
The Price of Empire  Purchase Craverguy 
The Arrogance of Power  Purchase Craverguy 
Fulbright: A Biography  Purchase Craverguy 

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor

DISCUSSION
[View All
3
Previous Messages]
Importance? 9.00000 Average

FAMILY

INFORMATION LINKS
Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient James W. Fulbright  Discuss
RACES
  05/21/1974 AR - US Senate - D Primary Lost 34.96% (-30.09%)
  11/05/1968 AR US Senate Won 59.15% (+18.29%)
  05/21/1968 AR US Senate - D Primary Won 52.92% (+21.26%)
  07/01/1964 US President - D Primaries Lost 0.00% (-27.26%)
  11/06/1962 AR US Senate Won 68.67% (+37.35%)
  07/31/1962 AR US Senate - D Primary Won 66.13% (+32.25%)
  11/06/1956 AR US Senate Won 82.98% (+65.97%)
  07/26/1952 US President - D Convention Lost 1.33% (-36.03%)
  11/07/1950 AR US Senate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/07/1944 AR US Senate Won 85.10% (+70.21%)
  08/08/1944 AR US Senate - D Runoff Won 57.90% (+15.80%)
  07/25/1944 AR US Senate - D Primary Won 36.18% (+9.38%)
  11/03/1942 AR District 3 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
ENDORSEMENTS
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Dec 15, 1971 NPA Reject
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Dec 09, 1971 D Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr.
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - May 17, 1970 R Harry Blackmun
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Apr 08, 1970 NPA Reject
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Nov 21, 1969 R Clement Furman Haynsworth, Jr.
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Aug 30, 1967 D Thurgood Marshall