|Name||Philip B. Perlman|
Baltimore, Maryland , United States
|| March 05, 1890
|| 00, 1960
|Contributor||U Ole Polecat|
|Last Modifed||Thomas Walker|
Mar 06, 2007 10:39am
|Info||Correspondent, The Baltimore American, 1908-09; Baltimore Star, 1909-10; Court reporter, special writer, city editor, The Evening Sun, 1910-17. Began private law practice, 1911; member of the firm of Marbury & Perlman, Baltimore. Appointed by Attorney-General Albert C. Ritchie as Assistant in the State Law Department, 1917. Assistant Attorney-General, 1918-19; assisted the attorney general in drafting the program of War Legislation adopted at the War Session of the General Assembly. Lecturer on Elementary Law, University of Maryland, 1919-20. Appointed secretary of state by Governor Albert C. Ritchie, 1920-23. At the request of the governor, Perlman drafted the bill passed at the special session of 1920 providing facilities for the registration and voting of women; he also drafted the constitutional amendment giving women the right to hold all public offices in Maryland. City Solicitor of Baltimore, 1923-26. Solicitor general of the U.S., 1947-52; argued for the government in Shelley v. Kraemer before the U.S. Supreme Court, 1948, resulting in the ruling that racially restrictive covenants in residential housing were unconstitutional. Drafted civil rights plank for 1960 Democratic National Convention. Author, Debates of Maryland Constitutional Convention of 1867 (Baltimore, 1923). |
Philip B. Perlman (1890-1960) was a Baltimore native, the son of Benjamin and Rose Nathan Perlman. Graduating from City College in 1908, Perlman worked as a reporter for the Baltimore American while studying political economy at the Johns Hopkins University. He studied law at the University of Maryland School of Law, being admitted to the bar one year prior to receiving a law degree in 1912. He began working for The Evening Sun in 1910, first as a court reporter, and then as City Editor from 1913-1917. It was probably at this time that he got to know H.L. Mencken.
Leaving newspaper work in 1917, Perlman began many years of public service, interspersed with private law practice. Initially he worked under then Attorney General of Maryland, Albert C. Ritchie, as an assistant in the State Law Department, then became Assistant Maryland Attorney General in 1918. With Ritchie's election to the Maryland governorship in 1919, he appointed Perlman Secretary of State. Legislation drafted by Perlman included the bill providing for women's voting. In the 1920s, Perlman was City Solicitor of Baltimore and established a private law practice; in the 1930s he served on a commission to revise city zoning laws and on the first Maryland Water Resources Commission; in the 1940s he advised Governor Lane on issues such as the Chesapeake Bay Bridge construction and highway improvement. In Perlman's private law practice, he was noted for civil rights cases.
Moving to the level of national politics, Perlman became U.S. Solicitor General from 1947-1952 under President Harry Truman, chaired Truman's Commission on Immigration and Naturalization, and was noted for helping to write the 1948 and 1960 platforms for the Democratic National Convention. At the time of his death, Perlman maintained a law practice with the firm Perlman, Lyons and Emmerglick in Washington, D.C., was president of the board of trustees of the Walters Art Gallery in Baltimore, and a member of the Maryland Historical Society. He was also a member of the National Press Club and the Associated Jewish Charities. A bachelor, he had a home on Park Heights Avenue in Baltimore, and a suite at the Shoreham Hotel in Washington, D.C.