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  Garfield, James A.
NameJames A. Garfield
Mentor, Ohio , United States
Born November 19, 1831
Died September 19, 1881 (49 years)
Last ModifiedJuan Croniqueur
May 19, 2013 01:12pm
Tags English - Assassinated - Freemason -
Info20th President of the United States (Mar.-Sept., 1881)

Born on a frontier farm in Cuyahoga co., Ohio, he spent his early years in poverty. As a youth he worked as farmer, carpenter, and canal boatman. After graduation (1856) from Williams College, he became a teacher of ancient languages and literature at the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute at Hiram, Ohio (the name was later changed, largely through his influence, to Hiram Institute), and later (1857-61) was its principal. He was also a lay preacher of the Disciples of Christ, was admitted (1859) to the bar, and was elected an antislavery state senator. During the Civil War he served in the Union army and was a major general of volunteers when he resigned (1863) to take his seat as Representative in Congress. He was a regular Republican, unhesitatingly following his party's postwar program of radical Reconstruction and later of hard-money deflationism and opposition to civil service reform. On the tariff issue he was evasive. Garfield was prominent in the settlement of the disputed election of 1876 (in which Rutherford B. Hayes was finally adjudged the winner), but in 1880 he was still only moderately well known nationally. He was campaign manager for John Sherman in the Republican convention but on the 36th ballot was himself chosen as compromise candidate for President. Former President Grant, who had wanted the nomination, and his supporter, Roscoe Conkling, gave Garfield only formal aid in the election-and allegedly even that was conditioned on a promise of a share in the President's political favors.

After Garfield had defeated W. S. Hancock and was President, he passed over Conkling's "Stalwarts" in his appointments and appointed James G. Blaine, Conkling's political enemy, Secretary of State. War was thus declared between the President and the most important faction of the Republican party. Garfield won the first round of the fight, getting his appointee for the New York port collectorship approved over Conkling's objections. He began prosecution of the star route postal frauds. Constantly harassed by office seekers, President Garfield met his death through one of them. On July 2, 1881, he was shot by Charles J. Guiteau. On Sept. 19 he died, and Chester A. Arthur succeeded to the presidency. Garfield was a brilliant orator and an able, knowing, and charming man. He had shown little originality or force in his 17 years as Congressman, and his early death prevented him from showing whether or not he might have demonstrated statesmanship as President.

Church: Disclipes of Christ

First Appeared on a United tates Postage Stamp in 1882.
Vote totals for elections in which was nominated for the Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1900-1965): 1900-7, 1905-11, 1910-13, 1915-0, 1920-3, 1930-2, 1965-0.

DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 42.00% ( 0.0) 16.00% ( 0.0) 32.00% ( 0.0)

Title Purchase Contributor

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor
Jul 02, 1881 05:00pm Sep 19, 1881 05:00pm Assassination Assassination of Pres. Garfield  Chronicler 

Date Category Headline Article Contributor

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Importance? 10.00000 Average

Wife Lucretia Rudolph Garfield 00, 1858-Sep 19, 1881
Daughter Eliza Arabella "Trot" Garfield 1860-1863
Son Harry Augustus "Hal" Garfield 1863-1942
Son James R. Garfield 1865-1950
Daughter Mary "Mollie" Garfield Stanley-Brown 1867-1947
Son Irvin McDowell Garfield 1870-1951
Son Abram Garfield 1872-1958
Son Edward Garfield 1874-1876

President James Garfield Inaugural Address March 4, 1881  Discuss
  12/01/1880 US President Won 57.99% (+15.99%)
  11/02/1880 US President National Vote Won 48.27% (+0.02%)
  06/08/1880 US President - R Convention Won 32.95% (+7.10%)
  01/13/1880 OH US Senate Won 60.14% (+20.28%)
  03/18/1879 US House Speaker Lost 44.33% (-6.38%)
  10/08/1878 OH District 19 Won 61.38% (+34.38%)
  10/15/1877 US House Speaker Lost 46.98% (-6.05%)
  12/04/1876 US House Speaker - Special Election Lost 33.74% (-32.51%)
  10/10/1876 OH District 19 Won 63.76% (+27.59%)
  10/13/1874 OH District 19 Won 55.58% (+28.01%)
  10/08/1872 OH District 19 Won 69.41% (+39.56%)
  10/11/1870 OH District 19 Won 65.08% (+30.17%)
  10/13/1868 OH District 19 Won 67.41% (+34.82%)
  10/09/1866 OH District 19 Won 71.34% (+42.68%)
  10/10/1864 OH District 19 Won 74.41% (+48.82%)
  10/14/1862 OH District 19 Won 66.27% (+32.54%)
US President - R Convention - Jun 08, 1880 R John Sherman