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  Cleveland, Grover
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
 
NameGrover Cleveland
Address
, New Jersey , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born March 18, 1837
Died June 24, 1908 (71 years)
ContributorJake
Last ModifedGrasshopper
Mar 21, 2013 12:31pm
Tags English - Libertarian - Moderate-to-Conservative - Anti-Labor - Government Reform - Isolationist - Pro Free Trade - Married - Cancer - Presbyterian -
InfoThe First Democrat elected after the Civil War, Grover Cleveland was the only President to leave the White House and return for a second term four years later.

One of nine children of a Presbyterian minister, Cleveland was born in New Jersey in 1837. He was raised in upstate New York. As a lawyer in Buffalo, he became notable for his single-minded concentration upon whatever task faced him.

At 44, he emerged into a political prominence that carried him to the White House in three years. Running as a reformer, he was elected Mayor of Buffalo in 1881, and later, Governor of New York.


Cleveland won the Presidency with the combined support of Democrats and reform Republicans, the "Mugwumps," who disliked the record of his opponent James G. Blaine of Maine.

A bachelor, Cleveland was ill at ease at first with all the comforts of the White House. "I must go to dinner," he wrote a friend, "but I wish it was to eat a pickled herring a Swiss cheese and a chop at Louis' instead of the French stuff I shall find." In June 1886 Cleveland married 21-year-old Frances Folsom; he was the only President married in the White House.

Cleveland vigorously pursued a policy barring special favors to any economic group. Vetoing a bill to appropriate $10,000 to distribute seed grain among drought-stricken farmers in Texas, he wrote: "Federal aid in such cases encourages the expectation of paternal care on the part of the Government and weakens the sturdiness of our national character. . . . "

He also vetoed many private pension bills to Civil War veterans whose claims were fraudulent. When Congress, pressured by the Grand Army of the Republic, passed a bill granting pensions for disabilities not caused by military service, Cleveland vetoed it, too.

He angered the railroads by ordering an investigation of western lands they held by Government grant. He forced them to return 81,000,000 acres. He also signed the Interstate Commerce Act, the first law attempting Federal regulation of the railroads.

In December 1887 he called on Congress to reduce high protective tariffs. Told that he had given Republicans an effective issue for the campaign of 1888, he retorted, "What is the use of being elected or re-elected unless you stand for something?" But Cleveland was defeated in 1888; although he won a larger popular majority than the Republican candidate Benjamin Harrison, he received fewer electoral votes.

Elected again in 1892, Cleveland faced an acute depression. He dealt directly with the Treasury crisis rather than with business failures, farm mortgage foreclosures, and unemployment. He obtained repeal of the mildly inflationary Sherman Silver Purchase Act and, with the aid of Wall Street, maintained the Treasury's gold reserve.

When railroad strikers in Chicago violated an injunction, Cleveland sent Federal troops to enforce it. "If it takes the entire army and navy of the United States to deliver a post card in Chicago," he thundered, "that card will be delivered."

Cleveland's blunt treatment of the railroad strikers stirred the pride of many Americans. So did the vigorous way in which he forced Great Britain to accept arbitration of a disputed boundary in Venezuela. But his policies during the depression were generally unpopular. His party deserted him and nominated William Jennings Bryan in 1896.

After leaving the White House, Cleveland lived in retirement in Princeton, New Jersey. He died in 1908.

First Appeared on a United tates Postage Stamp in 1923.
Vote totals for elections in which was nominated for the Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1900-1965): 1920-35, 1935-77.


JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 40.00% ( 0.0) 26.00% ( 0.0) 34.00% ( 0.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
The One and Only, Genuine, Original Family Band  Purchase RP 
An Honest President  Purchase FreedomDemocrat 

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor

DISCUSSION
Importance? 10.00000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston Jun 02, 1886-Jun 24, 1908
Daughter "Baby" Ruth Cleveland 1891-1904
Daughter Esther Cleveland Bosanquet 1893-1980
Daughter Marion Cleveland Dell Amen 1895-1977
Son Richard Folsom "Dick" Cleveland 1897-1974
Son Francis Grover Cleveland 1903-1996

INFORMATION LINKS
Grover Cleveland - First Annual Message (December 8, 1885)  Discuss
Grover Cleveland - First Annual Message (Second Term) (December 4, 1893)  Discuss
Grover Cleveland - Fourth Annual Message (December 3, 1888)  Discuss
Grover Cleveland - Fourth Annual Message (Second Term) (December 7, 1896)  Discuss
Grover Cleveland - Second Annual Message (December 6, 1886)  Discuss
Grover Cleveland - Second Annual Message (Second Term) (December 3, 1894)  Discuss
Grover Cleveland - Third Annual Message (December 6, 1887)  Discuss
Grover Cleveland - Third Annual Message (Second Term) (December 2, 1895)  Discuss
Message about Hawaii - Grover Cleveland  Discuss
Message on the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act - Grover Cleveland  Discuss
President Grover Cleveland Inaugural Address March 4, 1885  Discuss
President Grover Cleveland Inaugural Address March 4, 1893  Discuss
RACES
  11/06/1900 NC US President Lost 0.00% (-53.92%)
  01/09/1893 US President Won 62.39% (+29.73%)
  11/08/1892 GA US President Won 58.01% (+36.32%)
  11/08/1892 MA US President Lost 45.22% (-6.65%)
  11/08/1892 NJ US President Won 50.67% (+4.42%)
  11/08/1892 SD US President Lost 12.68% (-36.80%)
  11/08/1892 IL US President Won 48.79% (+3.09%)
  11/08/1892 MN US President Lost 26.72% (-5.80%)
  11/08/1892 NY US President Won 48.99% (+3.41%)
  11/08/1892 TN US President Won 51.36% (+13.52%)
  11/08/1892 IN US President Won 47.46% (+1.29%)
  11/08/1892 MS US President Won 76.22% (+56.95%)
  11/08/1892 NC US President Won 47.44% (+11.63%)
  11/08/1892 TX US President Won 57.68% (+34.16%)
  11/08/1892 AR US President Won 59.30% (+27.52%)
  11/08/1892 MI US President Lost 43.35% (-4.35%)
  11/08/1892 IA US President Lost 44.31% (-5.29%)
  11/08/1892 MO US President Won 49.56% (+7.52%)
  11/08/1892 OH US President Lost 47.53% (-0.13%)
  11/08/1892 VT US President Lost 29.26% (-38.83%)
  11/08/1892 CA US President Won 43.83% (+0.05%)
  11/08/1892 KY US President Won 51.48% (+11.73%)
  11/08/1892 MT US President Lost 39.79% (-2.66%)
  11/08/1892 OR US President Lost 18.17% (-26.49%)
  11/08/1892 VA US President Won 56.17% (+17.46%)
  11/08/1892 CT US President Won 50.06% (+3.26%)
  11/08/1892 LA US President Won 76.53% (+53.06%)
  11/08/1892 NE US President Lost 12.47% (-31.10%)
  11/08/1892 PA US President Lost 45.09% (-6.36%)
  11/08/1892 WA US President Lost 33.88% (-7.57%)
  11/08/1892 WV US President Won 49.37% (+2.44%)
  11/08/1892 DE US President Won 49.90% (+1.35%)
  11/08/1892 ME US President Lost 41.26% (-12.78%)
  11/08/1892 NV US President Lost 6.56% (-60.21%)
  11/08/1892 RI US President Lost 45.75% (-4.96%)
  11/08/1892 WI US President Won 47.73% (+1.68%)
  11/08/1892 FL US President Won 85.01% (+71.35%)
  11/08/1892 MD US President Won 53.39% (+9.91%)
  11/08/1892 NH US President Lost 47.11% (-4.00%)
  11/08/1892 SC US President Won 77.56% (+58.63%)
  11/08/1892 US President National Vote Won 46.05% (+3.09%)
  11/08/1892 AL US President Won 59.40% (+22.86%)
  06/23/1892 US President - D Convention Won 67.84% (+55.32%)
  01/14/1889 US President Lost 41.90% (-16.21%)
  11/06/1888 AR US President Won 54.80% (+16.75%)
  11/06/1888 IL US President Lost 46.58% (-2.96%)
  11/06/1888 MA US President Lost 44.04% (-9.38%)
  11/06/1888 NJ US President Won 49.88% (+2.35%)
  11/06/1888 TN US President Won 52.26% (+6.49%)
  11/06/1888 AL US President Won 67.00% (+34.35%)
  11/06/1888 IN US President Lost 48.60% (-0.44%)
  11/06/1888 MI US President Lost 44.91% (-4.82%)
  11/06/1888 NY US President Lost 48.19% (-1.09%)
  11/06/1888 TX US President Won 65.51% (+40.51%)
  11/06/1888 CA US President Lost 46.84% (-2.82%)
  11/06/1888 IA US President Lost 44.45% (-7.84%)
  11/06/1888 MN US President Lost 39.66% (-14.49%)
  11/06/1888 NC US President Won 51.79% (+4.59%)
  11/06/1888 VT US President Lost 26.45% (-44.75%)
  11/06/1888 CO US President Lost 40.86% (-14.33%)
  11/06/1888 KS US President Lost 31.03% (-24.19%)
  11/06/1888 MS US President Won 73.80% (+47.81%)
  11/06/1888 OH US President Lost 47.17% (-2.33%)
  11/06/1888 VA US President Won 49.99% (+0.53%)
  11/06/1888 CT US President Won 48.66% (+0.22%)
  11/06/1888 KY US President Won 53.30% (+8.32%)
  11/06/1888 MO US President Won 50.24% (+4.93%)
  11/06/1888 OR US President Lost 42.85% (-10.94%)
  11/06/1888 WV US President Won 49.35% (+0.32%)
  11/06/1888 DE US President Won 55.15% (+11.64%)
  11/06/1888 LA US President Won 73.37% (+46.92%)
  11/06/1888 NE US President Lost 39.75% (-13.75%)
  11/06/1888 PA US President Lost 44.77% (-7.97%)
  11/06/1888 WI US President Lost 43.77% (-6.01%)
  11/06/1888 FL US President Won 59.48% (+19.59%)
  11/06/1888 ME US President Lost 39.35% (-18.13%)
  11/06/1888 NV US President Lost 42.18% (-15.32%)
  11/06/1888 RI US President Lost 42.99% (-10.89%)
  11/06/1888 GA US President Won 70.31% (+41.97%)
  11/06/1888 MD US President Won 50.34% (+2.94%)
  11/06/1888 NH US President Lost 47.79% (-2.59%)
  11/06/1888 SC US President Won 82.28% (+65.11%)
  11/06/1888 US President National Vote Won 48.62% (+0.80%)
  06/07/1888 US President - D Convention Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  12/03/1884 US President Won 54.61% (+9.23%)
  11/04/1884 VA US President Won 51.05% (+2.15%)
  11/04/1884 OH US President Lost 46.94% (-4.05%)
  11/04/1884 MS US President Won 64.34% (+28.68%)
  11/04/1884 KS US President Lost 35.90% (-25.62%)
  11/04/1884 CO US President Lost 41.68% (-12.57%)
  11/04/1884 VT US President Lost 29.17% (-37.34%)
  11/04/1884 NC US President Won 53.18% (+6.54%)
  11/04/1884 MN US President Lost 36.87% (-21.90%)
  11/04/1884 IA US President Lost 45.06% (-5.02%)
  11/04/1884 CA US President Lost 45.33% (-6.64%)
  11/04/1884 TX US President Won 69.48% (+41.08%)
  11/04/1884 NY US President Won 48.25% (+0.09%)
  11/04/1884 MI US President Lost 41.11% (-11.75%)
  11/04/1884 IN US President Won 49.83% (+1.33%)
  11/04/1884 AR US President Won 57.83% (+17.12%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US President - Jan 11, 1897 D John McAuley Palmer
US President National Vote - Nov 03, 1896 D John McAuley Palmer