Russian - Socialist - Government Reform - Health Care Reform - Pro-Labor -
Sergey Yurevich Glazyev is a Russian politician best known for his 2004 presidential campaign, but also served three terms in the Duma before announcing his retirement from politics in early 2007. In addition to his career in government, he has authored over 40 books.
Glazyev attended Moscow State University where he studied economics, eventually earning a PhD. Following the fall of the Soviet Union, he worked in the Yeltsin administration under Yegor Gaidar and Viktor Chernomyrdin, but left in 1993 to seek office.
Glazyev ran as a member of the Democratic Party of Russia, one of the first opposition parties in the nation's history. The party won 5.5% of the national vote in the first Duma election, and Glazyev was elected one of their proportional representatives. He became party leader in 1994 and served in that capacity until 1997, when he left the party to join the Communists.
Glazyev returned to the Duma on the Communist Party's proportional list in 1999, but clashed with the party's leadership and helped found the Motherland National Patriotic Union in 2002. He would run for a third term with the party in 2003, dominating his competition in taking 55% of the vote in his suburban Moscow district.
Against the wishes of some in the Motherland coalition, Glazyev announced a campaign for president soon after being reelected to the Duma. He ran a populist campaign, championing social justice and targeting Russia's oligarchy in hopes of redistributing their vast wealth to the nation's working class. He finished third in the field of six candidates, earning 4% of the vote. His strongest region was Krasnoyarsk, where he earned 17% of the vote, likely a result of lingering support from a failed gubernatorial run there in 2002.
Following the election loss, in-party rival Dmitry Rogozin succeeded in having Glazyev removed as Motherland co-chair, and he momentarily left the party in hopes of creating a new centre-left organization with his supporters. He would reconcile with Rogozin in 2005 and both were largely indifferent to the party's merger with the Pensioners' Party and the Party of Life in 2006. Rogozin never joined this new "Fair Russia" coalition, and Glazyev only tacitly supported them well after the merger. Claiming that President Putin has silenced all opposition voices in Russia, Glazyev announced his retirement from politics in March of 2007.