Kyiv, , Ukraine
|| November 27, 1960
Feb 23, 2013 12:36am
Liberal - Married - Convicted - Imprisoned - Removed From Office - Christian - Straight -
|Info||Ukrainian opposition leader and former Deputy Prime Minister. |
Some call her "Our Jeanne D'Arq" and are ready to spill their blood for her, while others delight in gossiping about her lovers and her business. Indeed, there isn't a single politician indifferent to Yuliya Tymoshenko.
The leader of the all-Ukrainian association Batkivshchyna (Motherland), which unites more than 150 thousand most active Ukrainian citizens.
Yuliya Tymoshenko was born in 1960 in the city of Dnipropetrovsk (Ukraine). She received university education as an economist-cyberneticist and earned a candidate of economic science degree. She authored more than 50 research works.
Tymoshenko started her career as an economist at Dnipropetrovsk mechanical engineering plant; later on she headed one of Ukraine�s major industrial corporations, then was elected a memberl of parliament and the head of the Verkhovna Rada Budget Committee. She served as a vice prime minister for fuel and energy sector in the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
No matter what post did Yuliya Tymoshenko hold she has always strived to achieve the most effective results. Due to this fact many national and international experts acknowledged her as one of the best crisis managers. In 1997 under her leadership Ukraine�s major energy provider, the United Energy Systems of Ukraine, succeeded in solving the most complicated national problem, which neither the President nor the Cabinet of Ministers could tackle: in 1995 -1996 and early 1997, Ukraine�s several billion debt to Russia for natural gas was cleared; Ukraine�s international business ties in machine building, pipe industry and housing construction were renewed; Ukrainian industrial import to Russia almost doubled.
The corporation�s growing success was gradually transforming into a political factor, which ensured stability of Ukrainian economy, trust of foreign partners to the representatives of Ukraine�s new business elite, improvement of Ukraine�s reputation at the international level. However, the corporation was ruined and its heads were pressed political charges by order of President Kuchma, who was maniacally afraid of anything that he could not take under his control.
Being the head of the Parliament Budget Committee, Yuliya Tymoshenko initiated the budget reform. As the vice prime minister for fuel and energy sector at the Cabinet of Ministers she was striving to bring the industry out of collapse and managed to establish conditions favorable for its economic growth.
When in Cabinet, Tymoshenko took the unprecedented steps to de-criminalize the �backbone� of Ukraine�s economy, its fuel and energy sector. In 2000, the Government paid to the population the additional UAH 18 billion, out of which UAH 9 billion was raised through withdrawing costs from the shadow economy, prohibition of barter and introduction of the principles of competition into the energy market. Being deprived of their �shadow� incomes by Tymoshenko�s reforms, the financial and industrial lobbyists from the presidential circles got the President to sign the decree on her dismissal in January 2000.
In February 2001, Tymoshenko headed the united democratic opposition, which demanded the dismissal of President Leonid Kuchma suspected of a number of crimes, such as involvement in the murder of journalist Georgy Gongadze, falsification of the presidential and parliamentary election results, power abuse, corruption, etc.
On February 13, Yuliya Tymoshenko was arrested on charges brought by the Prosecutor General�s office against her. General public regarded this fact as a savage punishment of the democratic movement.
In March, Kyiv's Pechersk District Court found charges brought against Tymoshenko groundless and cancelled the warrant on her arrest.
In September, Yuliya Tymoshenko lodged a complaint against the actions of the Prosecutor General�s office. Her court appeal is another evidence of Tymoshenko�s resolution to prove that none of the charges boosted by oligarch-controlled media are grounded.
Currently, most influential political parties of Ukraine and more than half thousand of national and regional public organizations have joined their forces in one election block headed by the Batkivshchyna (Motherland) party leader Yuliya Tymoshenko.
According to different sociological surveys, Yuliya Tymoshenko is steadily ranked among top five most prominent Ukrainian politicians.
For her outstanding accomplishments, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church awarded Tymoshenko with high church awards.