|Name||Amelia Boynton Robinson|
, Alabama , United States
|| August 18, 1911
May 14, 2013 10:29pm
|Info||Amelia Platts Boynton Robinson was a figure in the American Civil Rights Movement and later became a leader in the Schiller Institute founded by Lyndon LaRouche. |
Born in Georgia, she became involved as a young woman in campaigning for women's suffrage. She and her husband, Bill Boynton, knew George Washington Carver at the Tuskegee Institute. In 1934 she registered to vote, a privilege which later became a right. A few years later she wrote a play, "Through the Years", which told the story of creation of Spiritual music, in order to help fund a community center in Selma, Alabama. The Robinsons met Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King in 1954 at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, where King was the pastor.
In 1963, Bill Boynton died and Robinson's home and office in Selma became the center of Selma's civil rights battles, used by King and his lieutenants, by Congressmen and attorneys from around the nation, to plan the demonstrations known as the "Selma to Montgomery marches". One of them, held March 7, 1965, became known as Bloody Sunday. Robinson was among the marchers tear-gassed and beaten by Alabama State Troopers. The horror of that event helped lead to the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Robinson was a guest of honor when President Lyndon Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act into law.
Robinson ran for the Congress from Alabama in 1964, the first female African-American ever to do so and the first female of any race to run for the ticket of the Democratic Party in Alabama. She received 10% of the vote.